(Haguro - digitally colorized by Irotooko, Jr)

IJN HAGURO: Tabular Record of Movement

© 1997-2016 Bob Hackett and Sander Kingsepp
Revision 20

16 March 1925:
Nagasaki. Laid down at Mitsubishi Shipbuilding's yard.

24 March 1928:
Launched and named HAGURO.

1 October 1929:
Captain (later Vice Admiral) Hara Keitaro (33) is appointed Chief Equipping Officer.

25 April 1929:
Nagasaki. Completed and registered in the Sasebo Naval District. Captain Hara is the Commanding Officer.

30 November 1929:
Captain (later Rear Admiral) Uno Sekizo (34) (former XO of KONGO) is appointed CO.

22-24 October 1930:
Emperor Hirohito (Showa) embarks aboard HAGURO. He spends the night, then transfers to battleship KIRISHIMA.

1 December 1930:
Captain (later Vice Admiral) Kobayashi Sonosuke (35)(former CO of NAGARA) is appointed CO.

10 October 1931:
Captain (later Admiral) Nomura Naokuni (35)(former CO of CHOGEI) is appointed CO.

14 February 1933 Captain (later Rear Admiral) Morimoto Jo (35) (former XO of FURUTAKA) is appointed CO.

15 November 1933:
Captain (later Rear Admiral) Yamaguichi Minoru (36)(former CO of ISUZU) is appointed CO.

15 November 1935:
Captain (later Vice Admiral) Samejima Tomoshige (37)(former CO of MOGAMI) is appointed CO.

29 June 1936:
Sasebo Navy Yard. The first reconstruction is completed. During this reconstruction, among other things accomplished, HAGURO's ten 200-mm 50 cal Type 3 (No. 1) guns in their five twin turrets are replaced by No. 2 guns with a 203-mm bore.

20 August 1937:
HAGURO departs Atsuta (near Nagoya) with cruisers ASHIGARA, NACHI, MYOKO and MAYA, light cruiser JINTSU and destroyers AKEBONO, AMAGIRI, ASAGIRI, AYANAMI, ISONAMI, OBORO, SHIKINAMI and YUGIRI. HAGURO is carrying the 3rd Battalion, 6th Infantry Regiment, 3rd Division.

21 August 1937:
Arrives at the Saddle (Ma'an) Islands, NE Zhoushan archipelago, China. Troops are transferred to JINTSU and destroyers AMAGIRI, ASAGIRI, MURASAME, OBORO, SAMIDARE, USHIO, YUDACHI and YUGIRI.

1 December 1936:
Captain (later Rear Admiral) Aoyagi Muneshige (37)(former CO of TOKIWA) is appointed CO.

27 December 1939:
Captain (Vice Admiral, posthumously) Ogata Masaki (41)(former CO of IWATE) is appointed CO.

15 October 1940:
Captain (later Rear Admiral) Hamada Kiyoshi (42) is appointed CO.

28 April 1941:
Kure Naval Arsenal. HAGURO's second reconstruction is completed.

25 July 1941:
Captain (later Rear Admiral) Mori Tomoichi (42)(former CO of AOBA) is appointed CO.

2 December 1941:
HAGURO is in Rear Admiral (later Admiral, posthumously) Takagi Takeo's (39)(former CO of MUTSU) CruDiv 5 with MYOKO and NACHI.

CruDiv 5 receives the signal "Niitakayama nobore (Climb Mt. Niitaka) 1208" from the Combined Fleet. This signifies that X-Day hostilities will commence on 8 December (Japan time).[1]

6 December 1941: Operation "M" - The Attack on the Southern Philippines:
CruDiv 5 departs Palau to provide cover for the planned landings at Davao and Legaspi in Vice Admiral Takahashi Ibo's (former CO of YAMASHIRO) Third Fleet, Southern Force, Philippine Seizure Force.

The Cover Force includes light carrier RYUJO with destroyer SHIOKAZE, Rear Admiral (later Vice Admiral) Tanaka Raizo's (former CO of KONGO) DesRon 2's light cruiser JINTSU and DesDiv 15's HAYASHIO, NATSUSHIO, OYASHIO and KUROSHIO and DesDiv 16's YUKIKAZE, TOKITSUKAZE, HATSUKAZE and AMATSUKAZE.

CruDiv 5 supports Rear Admiral Kubo Kyuji's (former CO of MIKUMA) Fourth Surprise Attack Force's seaplane tenders CHITOSE and MIZUHO, light cruisers NAGARA (F) and NAKA, five destroyers and seven transports.

11 December 1941:
CruDiv 5 covers the landings at Legaspi.

15 December 1941:
Returns to Palau.

17 December 1941:
CruDiv 5 departs Palau with Rear Admiral Tanaka's Southern Philippines Attack Force's RYUJO, CHITOSE, NAGARA, DesRon 2 and twelve 12 transports.

19-20 December 1941:
CruDiv 5 supports the invasion landings at Davao.

24 December 1941:
CruDiv 5 supports the invasion landings at Jolo then returns to Palau.

29 December 1941:
Departs Palau.

31 December 1941:
Arrives in the Davao Gulf.

4 January 1942:
CruDiv 5 is with Attack Force at the former U.S. Navy anchorage at Malalag Bay, Davao Gulf. The Japanese are attacked by B-17D ''Flying Fortresses" from Java while anchored. MYOKO is hit, but HAGURO is not damaged.

5 January 1942:
MYOKO departs for Sasebo for repairs. HAGURO and NACHI remain at Davao.

9 January 1942: Operation "H" - The Invasion of the Celebes:
At Davao. HAGURO and NACHI provide close support.

11-14 January 1942:
HAGURO and NACHI cover the landings at Menado and Kema.

24 January 1942:
HAGURO and NACHI cover the landings at Kendari.

26 January 1942:
S of Davao. LtCdr (later Captain) Richard G. Voge's USS SAILFISH (SS-192) sights what Voge identifies as a "NACHI-class cruiser" and a destroyer. Voge sets up and makes a submerged daylight attack. At about noon, he fires four Mark -14 torpedoes at the cruiser and hears an explosion. Voge's soundman thinks he hears the target's propellers stop. Although Voge is credited with damaging a cruiser, postwar neither HAGURO or NACHI are found to have been damaged at that time and place.

29-31 January 1942:
HAGURO and NACHI depart Davao for Bangka Roads, Celebes. Supports the seizure of Ambon.

5-10 February 1942:
Departs Bangka for Staring Bay, Celebes. Supports the landings at Makassar.

17-20 February 1942:
Supports the landings at Dili and Kupang, Timor.

24 February 1942:
CruDiv 5 departs Staring Bay.

26 February 1942:
HAGURO's Aichi E13A1 Type 0 three-seat 'Jake' reconnaisance floatplane is damaged as it is being lifted by crane from the sea following a reccy mission. The pilot is slightly injured in the incident.

27 February 1942: The Battle of the Java Sea:
At 1547, HAGURO and NACHI, DesRon 2's light cruiser JINTSU with DesDiv 16's YUKIKAZE, TOKITSUKAZE, AMATSUKAZE and HATSUKAZE and DesDiv 7's USHIO, SAZANAMI, YAMAKAZE and KAWAKAZE engage Dutch Rear Admiral Karel W. F. M. Doorman's Strike Force's light cruiser HNMS DE RUYTER (F), heavy cruisers HMS EXETER and USS HOUSTON (CA-30), light cruisers HMAS PERTH, HNMS JAVA, destroyers HMS ELECTRA, ENCOUNTER, JUPITER, HNMS KORTENAER and WITTE de WITH and old destroyers USS ALDEN (DD-211), JOHN D. EDWARDS (DD-216), JOHN D. FORD (DD-228) and PAUL JONES (DD-230).

At 1603, DesRon 4's light cruiser NAKA, DesDiv 9's ASAGUMO, MINEGUMO, MURASAME, HARUKAZE, SAMIDARE and YUDACHI launch their Type 93 "Long Lance" torpedoes at the enemy force.

At 1638, EXETER is hit by HAGURO and set afire. At 1643, Lt t.z.1 Antoine Kroese's HNMS KORTENAER is hit by a torpedo from HAGURO, blows up and sinks at 06-29S, 112-57 men are KIA. 113 men are rescued of whom 57 become POWs.

At about 1700, LT Utsunomiya Michio is ordered to take off in one of HAGURO's Aichi E8N1 Type 95 "Dave" spotting planes to mark Doorman's ships' positions and to spot IJN salvos. The other E8N1 is also launched. LT Utsunomiya takes off without incident and ascends to 2,000 meters, followed closely by the second floatplane. The Dave pilots see the floatplanes from NACHI also positioning themselves over the ABDA fleet for spotting. They search the sky for enemy planes, but find none.

At 1746, HMS ELECTRA and ASAGUMO engage in a gun battle. Cdr Cecil Wakeford May's ELECTRA is sunk. 108 crewmen are killed. 54 men are rescued of which one dies of wounds. At 2000, HMS JUPITER hits a Dutch mine and sinks.[2]

HAGURO's two E8N1 floatplanes continue to fly until after dark. At 2027, as they are preparing to try to land elsewhere, Rear Admiral Takagi recalls all five recon planes to their respective ships. During their recovery, HAGURO and NACHI are surprised by the Allied Striking Force, but manage to make a swift and narrow escape.

At 2336, Dutch Captain Capt-Lt t.z. Philippus Bernardus Maria van Straelen's light cruiser JAVA is hit by a torpedo. Soon thereafter, her stern breaks off.

At 2340, the Allied flagship, Dutch Capt-Lt t.z. Eugne Edouard Bernard Lacomblé's HNMS DE RUYTER is hit by a torpedo from HAGURO and set afire aft. As a result of a complete power failure, the fire can not be extinguished, but DE RUYTER remains afloat for several hours.

At 2345, JAVA sinks taking down 515 crewmembers including Captain van Straelen. 43 are rescued to become POWs.[2]

HOUSTON and PERTH retire to Batavia (Djakarta), Java. JINTSU departs the area. After the battle, American LtCdr (later Captain) Henry G. Munson's submarine USS S-38 surfaces and rescues 58 ELECTRA crewmen from the water.

28 February 1942:
DE RUYTER sinks in the early hours, but the exact time remains unknown. Rear Admiral Doorman and 344 crewmen are killed. 142 men are rescued of which 140 become POWs. [3]

At 1900, after refueling, HOUSTON and PERTH sortie for Tjilatjap via the Sunda Strait. At 2215, HOUSTON and PERTH attack Japanese troop transports screened only by destroyers HARUKAZE, HATAKAZE and FUBUKI. The destroyers make smoke to mask the transports. FUBUKI charges HOUSTON and PERTH and launches torpedoes.

At 2300, the Western Support Force's cruisers MIKUMA and MOGAMI and destroyer SHIKINAMI with the Third Escort Force's light cruiser NATORI, destroyers SHIRAKUMO, MURAKUMO, SHIRAYUKI, HATSUYUKI and ASAKAZE arrive and engage HOUSTON and PERTH with gunfire and torpedoes.

At 2308, torpedoes strike both HOUSTON and PERTH. At 2342, Captain Hector MacDonald Law Waller's PERTH sinks. 353 men are KIA and four die of wounds. 328 men are rescued to become POWs.

1 March 1942:
At 0030, Captain Albert Harold Rooks' HOUSTON sinks. 645 men are KIA and 367 are rescued to become POWs. Captain Rooks is awarded the Medal of Honor, posthumously.

At 0850, CruDiv 5's HAGURO and NACHI with destroyers YAMAKAZE, and KAWAKAZE sight Captain Oliver L. Gordon's damaged cruiser HMS EXETER, destroyers HMS ENCOUNTER and old four pipe USS POPE (DD-225) enroute to Sunda Strait from Surabaya. HAGURO launches both of her E8N1 Dave spotter floatplanes.

At 1150, the Support Force's ASHIGARA and MYOKO with destroyers AKEBONO and INAZUMA also sight and exchange fire with the EXETER group. At 1245, NACHI and HAGURO also open fire on EXETER.

At 1250, EXETER is hit by shells, set afire and goes dead in water. AKEBONO and INAZUMA launch 18 torpedoes. E8N1 pilot LT Utsunomiya notes EXETER firing almost to the end and that destroyer ENCOUNTER appears to interpose herself between the stricken cruiser and her antagonists.

At 1330, EXETER sinks. 43 crewmen are KIA and 716 rescued to become POWs. During the engagement, the Main Force expends 1,171 7.9-inch/20-cm rounds.

At 1335, ASHIGARA and MYOKO damage LtCdr Eric Vernon St. John Morgan's destroyer HMS ENCOUNTER by a near miss from an 8-inch salvo. ENCOUNTER's Chief Engineer reports that repairs will take two hours. Surrounded and motionless with only one gun firing, Morgan orders his ship scuttled and her crew to abandon ship. At 1335, ENCOUNTER rolls over and sinks. Eight men are KIA and 121 rescued to become POWs. [4]

LT Utsunomiya follows destroyer POPE as she flees the engagement with the cruisers making heavy black funnel smoke as she goes. At about 1540, POPE is attacked by dive-bombers from CHITOSE, MIZUHO and RYUJO. LtCdr (later Rear Admiral) Welford Charles Blinn's POPE is hit by bombs and comes to a halt. Her crew begins lowering boats and abandoning the ship. One man is KIA and 151 rescued to become POWs. At this point, Utsunomiya is ordered to return to HAGURO and departs the scene.

HAGURO and NACHI recover their aircraft and depart the area. [5]

3 March 1942:
Arrives at Kendari, then departs for Makassar.

13 March 1942:
HAGURO, MYOKO and NACHI depart Makassar.

17 March 1942:
NACHI is detached.

20 March 1942:
HAGURO and MYOKO arrives at Sasebo for refit.

8 April 1942:
HAGURO and MYOKO depart Sasebo.

9 April 1942:
Arrive at Hashirajima.

18 April 1942: The First Bombing of Japan:
Vice Admiral (later Fleet Admiral) William F. Halsey's (former CO of SARATOGA, CV-3) Task Force 16.2's HORNET (CV-8), VINCENNES (CA-44), NASHVILLE (CL-43), oiler CIMARRON (AO-22) and destroyers GWIN (DD-433), MEREDITH (DD-434), GRAYSON (DD-435) and MONSSEN (DD-436) accompanied by Task Force 16.1's USS ENTERPRISE (CV-6), SALT LAKE CITY (CA-25), NORTHAMPTON (CA-28), oiler SABINE (AO-25) and destroyers BALCH (DD-363), BENHAM (DD-397), ELLET (DD-398) and FANNING (DD-385) approach the Japanese home islands. The carriers and cruisers come to within 668 nautical miles of Japan.

Led by Lt Col (later General/MOH) James H. Doolittle, 16 Army B-25 "Mitchell" twin-engine bombers of the 17th Bomb Group take off from Captain (later Admiral) Marc A. Mitscher's carrier HORNET and strike targets in Tokyo, Yokohama, Osaka, Nagoya and Kobe. At Yokosuka, a B-25 damages light carrier RYUHO in a drydock undergoing conversion from submarine depot ship TAIGEI.

HAGURO and MYOKO depart Hashirajima in an unsuccessful pursuit of Halsey.

22 April 1942:
Arrives at Yokusuka.

23 April 1942:
CruDiv 5 departs Yokosuka with DesDiv 7's AKEBONO and USHIO.

27 April 1942:
Arrives at Truk.

1 May 1942: Operation "MO" - The Invasion of Port Moresby:
ComCruDiv 5 Takagi Takeo is promoted Vice Admiral. CruDiv 5 sorties from Truk in support of the invasion of Tulagi with Rear Admiral (later Vice Admiral) Hara Chuichi's (39)(former CO of TATSUTA) Carrier Striking Force's ZUIKAKU and SHOKAKU, CruDiv 5's MYOKO and HAGURO, DesDiv 27's ARIAKE, YUGURE, SHIGURE, SHIRATSUYU, Des Div 8's USHIO and AKEBONO.

13 May 1942:
CruDiv 5, ARIAKE, SHIGURE and SHIRATSUYU provide distant cover to the Ocean-Nauru occupation force until the operation is suspended due to the detection of an American carrier force in the area.

17 May 1942:
Arrives at Truk. Departs that day with ARIAKE, YUGURE, SHIGURE and SHIRATSUYU.

22 May 1942:
Arrives at Kure.

27 May 1942: Operation "MI" - The Battle of Midway:
CruDiv 5 departs Hashirajima in Vice Admiral (later Admiral) Kondo Nobutake's (former CO of KONGO) Second Fleet Strike Force's Rear Admiral (later Vice Admiral) Mikawa Gunichi's (former CO of KIRISHIMA) Bat Div 3/1's KONGO and HIEI, Kondo's CruDiv 4's ATAGO and CHOKAI, DesRon 4's light cruiser YURA, DesDiv 2's MURASAME, SAMIDARE, HARUSAME and YUDACHI, DesDiv 9's ASAGUMO, MINEGUMO and NATSUGUMO.

13 June 1942:
CruDiv 5 is attached to the Northern Force.

23 June 1942:
Arrives at Sendai, Japan.

28 June 1942:
CruDiv 5's MYOKO, HAGURO and NACHI depart Sendai to support the invasion of Attu and Kiska, Aleutians with CruDiv 21's light cruisers KISO, TAMA and ABUKUMA, DesDiv 4's ARASHI, MAIKAZE, HAGIKAZE and NOWAKI, DesDiv 7's USHIO and SAZANAMI, DesDiv 9's ASAGUMO, MINEGUMO and NATSUGUMO, DesDiv 10's AKIGUMO, KAZAGUMO, MAKIGUMO and the YUGUMO.

The cruiser force joins Rear Admiral Kakuta Kakuji's (former CO of YAMASHIRO) Second Mobile Force's CarDiv 4's JUNYO and RYUJO that has been augmented by CarDiv 5's ZUIKAKU and CarDiv 3's ZUIHO escorted by CruDiv 4/2's TAKAO and MAYA, DesDiv 17's URAKAZE and the Fifth Fleet's destroyer SHIOKAZE. Covers the second reinforcement convoy to Kiska, then patrols SW of Kiska in anticipation of an American counter-attack that does not materialize.

7 July 1942:
Departs the Aleutians.

12 July 1942:
Arrives at Hashirajima.

11 August 1942:
CruDiv 5's HAGURO and MYOKO depart Hashirajima for Truk with Vice Admiral Kondo's Advanced Force's CruDiv 4's ATAGO (F), TAKAO and MAYA, seaplane tender CHITOSE, DesRon 4's light cruiser YURA, DesDiv 9's ASAGUMO, MINEGUMO, NATSUGUMO, DesDiv 24's KAWAKAZE, SUZUKAZE, UMIKAZE, DesDiv 27's ARIAKE, SHIGURE, SHIRATSUYU, YUGURE and the Support Force's battleship MUTSU.

17 August 1942:
Arrives at Truk.

20 August 1942: Operation "KA" - The Reinforcement of Guadalcanal:
CruDiv 5 departs Truk in Kondo's Second Fleet with Rear Admiral (later Vice Admiral) Abe Hiroaki's (former CO of FUSO) Vanguard Force's BatDiv 11's HIEI and KIRISHIMA, the Support Force's CHITOSE, CruDiv 4's ATAGO, TAKAO and MAYA, CruDiv 7's KUMANO and SUZUYA, DesRon 10's light cruiser NAGARA with KAZAGUMO, YUGUMO, MAKIGUMO, AKIGUMO, HATSUKAZE, AKIZUKI, AMATSUKAZE, TOKITSUKAZE, NOWAKI, TANIKAZE and MAIKAZE.

Kondo's Second Fleet joins Vice Admiral Nagumo's Third Fleet, reorganized Mobile Force, Carrier Strike Force's CarDiv 1's SHOKAKU, ZUIKAKU and ZUIHO, CruDiv 8's TONE and CHIKUMA.

5 September 1942:
Arrives at Truk.

9 September 1942:
CruDiv 5 sorties from Truk with the Carrier Strike Force and Rear Admiral Abe's Vanguard Bat Div 11, CruDiv 7 and DesRon 10 to an area north of the Solomon Islands.

14 September 1942:
Attacked by ten B-17-E "Flying Fortresses" of the 11th Bomb Group. HAGURO is not damaged.

15-17 September 1942:
Refuels at sea.

23 September 1942:
Arrives at Truk.

29 September 1942:
Departs Truk for Sasebo.

5 October 1942:
Arrives at Sasebo for an overhaul and refit.

20 October 1942:
Captain (later Rear Admiral) Uozumi Jisaku (former CO of YURA) is appointed CO.

10 November 1942:
Rear Admiral (later Vice Admiral) Omori Sentaro (former CO of ISE) assumes command of CruDiv 5. Vice Admiral Takagi is later reassigned as CINC of the Naval Guard District at Mako, Pescadores.

27 November 1942:
HAGURO and MYOKO depart Sasebo.

29 November 1942:
Arrives at Yokosuka. Embarks a Special Naval Landing Force (SNLF).

30 November 1942:
HAGURO and MYOKO depart Yokosuka.

5 December 1942:
Arrive at Truk.

8 December 1942:
Arrives at Rabaul, disembarks SNLF troops and departs.

10 December 1942:
Arrives at Truk.

10 December-31 January 1943:
CruDiv 5 is at Truk.

31 January 1943: Operation "KE" - The Evacuation of Guadalcanal:
HAGURO and MYOKO steam N of the Solomons with a task force of units of the Second and Third Fleets from Truk including carriers ZUIKAKU, ZUIHO and JUNYO, Bat Div 3's KONGO and HARUNA, CruDiv 4's ATAGO and TAKAO, DesRon 4's light cruiser NAGARA, DesRon 10's light cruiser AGANO and destroyers as a feint to cover Rear Admiral (later Vice Admiral) Hashimoto Shintaro's (former CO of HYUGA) destroyer force from Rabaul. The Japanese successfully evacuate 11,700 troops from Guadalcanal.

9 February 1943:
CruDiv 5 arrives at Truk.

8 May 1943:
CruDiv 5 departs Truk for Yokosuka with destroyers SAMIDARE, NAGANAMI and YUGURE.

11 May 1943: American Operation "Landcrab" - The Invasion of Attu, Aleutians:
Rear Admiral (later Admiral) Thomas C. Kinkaid's (former CO of INDIANAPOLIS, CA-35) Task Force 16, covered by Rear Admiral Francis W. Rockwell's (former CO of THATCHER , DD-162) Task Force 51, lands elements of the Army's 4th and 7th Infantry Divisions under command of Maj Gen Eugene M. Landrum at Holtz Bay and Massacre Bay that later capture the island.

13 May 1943:
CruDiv 5 arrives at Yokosuka.

15 May 1943:
HAGURO and MYOKO are assigned to the Northern Force in response to the invasion of Attu.

Departs Yokosuka for Paramushiro with destroyers SAMIDARE and NAGANAMI.

19 May 1943:
Arrives at Paramushiro.

21 May 1943: Operation "KE" - The Evacuation of Kiska:
The Imperial General Headquarters decides to abandon Attu and to evacuate the garrison at Kiska Island, Aleutians.

12 June 1943:
Departs Paramushiro.

16 June 1943:
HAGURO and MYOKO arrive at Sasebo for an overhaul, refit and modification. Four twin Type 96 25-mm AA guns are installed and a Type 21 air-search radar is fitted.

18 July 1943:
Dockyard work is completed. HAGURO and MYOKO depart Sasebo.

19 July 1943:
Arrives at Hashirajima.

30 July 1943:
HAGURO and MYOKO depart Hashirajima for Nagahama. There they embark IJA troops and supplies.

31 July 1943:
Depart Nagahama.

5 August 1943:
Arrives at Truk

6 August 1943:
Depart Truk.

9 August 1943:
Arrives at Rabaul, disembarks troops and departs.

10 August 1943:
Arrives at Truk.

18 September 1943:
The fleet sorties to Brown Island, Eniwetok in response to raids on Tarawa, Makin and Abemama Atolls launched by Rear Admiral Charles A. Pownall's (former CO of RANGER, CV-4) Task Force 15 carriers' USS LEXINGTON (CV-16), PRINCETON (CVL-23) and BELLEAU WOOD (CVL-24).

Vice Admiral Ozawa Jizaburo (former CO of HARUNA), in tactical command, leads the fleet's first section's BatDiv 1's YAMATO and NAGATO, CarDiv 1's SHOKAKU, ZUIKAKU (followed by ZUIHO on 19 September), CruDiv 5's MYOKO and the HAGURO, CruDiv 7's MOGAMI, CruDiv 8's CHIKUMA, TONE, light cruisers AGANO and NOSHIRO and destroyers.

Vice Admiral Kurita Takao leads the second section with his Advance Force's CruDiv 4's ATAGO, TAKAO, MAYA and CHOKAI.

Admiral Koga Mineichi (former CO of ISE), CINC, Combined Fleet, remains at Truk in the fleet's flagship MUSASHI with BatDiv 2's FUSO and BatDiv 3's KONGO and HARUNA.

25 September 1943:
No contact is made with Task Force 15. The fleet arrives back at Truk.

11 October 1943:
CruDiv 5 departs Truk with destroyers NAGANAMI and SUZUKAZE escorting a convoy to Rabaul.

13 October 1943:
Arrives at Rabaul.

1 November 1943: American Operation "Shoestring II" - The Invasion of Bougainville:
Rear Admiral (later Vice Admiral) Theodore S. Wilkinson's (former XO of INDIANAPOLIS, CA-35) Third Amphibious Force, TF 31, lands LtGen (later General/MOH/Commandant) Alexander A. Vandegrift's 1st Marine Amphibious Corps at Cape Torokina, Empress Augusta Bay, Bougainville, Solomons.

At 1520, Rear Admiral Omori departs Rabaul to escort 1,000 IJA troops to oppose the American invasion at Bougainville. Omori's force includes CruDiv 5's MYOKO and HAGURO, Rear Admiral Matsubara Hiroshi's DesRon 10's light cruiser AGANO, destroyers WAKATSUKI and HATSUKAZE, Rear Admiral (Vice Admiral, posthumously), the Baron, Ijuin Matsuji's (former CO of KONGO) DesRon 3's light cruiser SENDAI, destroyers SHIGURE, SAMIDARE and SHIRATSUYU and DesRon 2's NAGANAMI with destroyer-transports AMAGIRI, YUNAGI, UZUKI and YUZUKI.

Omori's ten warships rendezvous with the transports in St. George Channel, but he obtains permission to continue without them.

At 1945, SENDAI is bombed unsuccessfully several times by an SB-24 of the 5th Bombardment Group.

2 November 1943: The Battle of Empress Augusta (Gazelle) Bay:
The Japanese force is intercepted by Rear Admiral (later Vice Admiral) Aaron S. Merrill's (former CO of INDIANA, BB-58) Task Force 39's radar-equipped CruDiv 12's USS CLEVELAND (CL-55), COLUMBIA (CL-56), MONTPELIER (CL-57) and DENVER (CL-58). Captain (later Admiral/CNO) Arleigh Burke's destroyers STANLY (DD-478), CHARLES F. AUSBURNE (DD-570), CLAXTON (DD-571) and DYSON (DD-572) and Cdr B. L Austin's destroyers USS CONVERSE (DD-509), FOOTE (DD-511), SPENCE (DD-512) and THATCHER (DD-514).

At 0050, all four of Merrill's cruisers take SENDAI under 6-inch fire and set her afire. She soon sinks with most of her crew. While avoiding the American fire, SAMIDARE collides with SHIRATSUYU and MYOKO collides with destroyer HATSUKAZE. HAGURO receives minor damage in the action.

As SENDAI sinks, ComDesRon 3 Rear Admiral Ijuin abandons ship and enters the water. Burke's destroyers finish off and HATSUKAZE with gunfire. Admiral Omori withdraws with the remaining Japanese forces.

USS FOOTE is hit by a torpedo and damaged heavily.

CruDiv 5 returns to Rabaul. That same morning, Rabaul is attacked by 75 North American B-25 "Mitchell" medium bombers and 80 Lockheed P-38 "Lightning" fighters of the 5th Air Force's 3rd Bomb Group, but CruDiv 5 is not damaged in the attack.

3 November 1943:
Rear Admiral Ijuin and some other SENDAI crewmen are rescued by submarine RO-104.

At 1432, USN codebreakers intercept and decrypt a message from the captain of HAGURO that reads: "Aircraft of this vessel missing since the action of 1 November-----"

4 November 1943:
CruDiv 5 departs Rabaul.

7 November 1943:
Arrives at Truk.

12 November 1943:
CruDiv 5 departs Truk with DesDiv 27's SHIGURE and SHIRATSUYU.

17 November 1943:
Arrives at Sasebo for an overhaul, refit and modification. Eight single-mount Type 96 25-mm AA guns are installed bringing her total suite to 24 barrels.

25 November 1943:
Rear Admiral Omori is relieved of command of CruDiv 5 by Rear Admiral (Vice Admiral, posthumously) Hashimoto Shintaro.

1 December 1943:
Captain Sugiura Kaju (former ComDesDiv 4) assumes command. Rear Admiral Uozumi is reassigned as CO of the Kure Guard Force and later as ComSubRon 8 at Penang, Malaya.

16 December 1943:
CruDiv 5 departs Sasebo. Arrives at Tokuyama Fuel Depot to refuel and load distilled water.

17 December 1943:
Departs Tokuyama. Arrives at Kure.

23 December 1943:
CruDiv 5 and CruDiv 8's TONE depart Kure.

29 December 1943:
Arrives at Truk.

2 January 1944:
CruDiv 5, TONE, and DesDiv 27's FUJINAMI and SHIRATSUYU depart Truk on a fast transport run to Kavieng and back.

5 January 1944:
Arrives back at Truk.

10 February 1944:
CruDiv 5 departs Truk for Palau with CruDiv 4's ATAGO and CHOKAI and DesDiv 17’s TANIKAZE, ISOKAZE, URAZAZE and HAMAKAZE. At 2100, the cruiser force is attacked by USS PERMIT (SS-178) on the surface at 08-27N, 149-24E, but she misses with four torpedoes.

13 February 1944:
The cruiser force arrives at Palau.

19 February 1944:
HAGURO receives fresh provisions replenishment from supply ship KITAKAMI MARU.

9 March 1944:
CruDiv 5's HAGURO and MYOKO depart Palau with destroyer SHIRATSUYU escorting a tanker convoy consisting of OSE (ex-Dutch GENOTA) and IRO.

12 March 1944:
Arrives at Balikpapan, Borneo.

13 March 1944:
Departs Balikpapan.

14 March 1944:
Arrives at Tarakan, Borneo.

20 March 1944:
Departs Tarakan for Palau.

22 March 1944:
Arrives at Palau.

29 March-4 April 1944:
CruDiv 5 sorties from Palau to Davao with CruDivs 4's light cruiser NOSHIRO and destroyer HARUSAME.

1 April 1944:
HAGURO receives fresh provisions replenishment from supply ship KITAKAMI MARU.

6 April 1944:
LtCdr (later Captain) Bladen Clagett's USS DACE (SS-247) attacks the cruiser group but misses with six bow torpedoes. The cruiser force is also sighted by Cdr (later Captain) David McClintock's USS DARTER (SS-227), but he is unable to attack.

7 April 1944:
The cruiser group departs Davao. LtCdr (later Rear Admiral, Ret) Walter G. Ebert's USS SCAMP (SS-277) sights the group coming out of the bay, but is unable to gain an attack position.

9 April 1944:
The cruiser group arrives at Lingga (south of Singapore).

12 May 1944:
CruDiv 5 departs Lingga.

15 May 1944:
Arrives at Tawi Tawi, then departs for Tarakan, Borneo to refuel.

18 May 1944:
Arrives at Tawi Tawi.

27 May 1944: American Operation "Horlicks" - The Invasion of Biak:
Rear Admiral (later Admiral) William M. Fechteler's Task Force 77 lands Maj Gen Horace H. Fuller's 41st Division on Biak off New Guinea.

30 May 1944: Operation "Kon" - The Reinforcement of Biak:
At noon, CruDiv 5's HAGURO and MYOKO depart Tawi Tawi for Davao with battleship FUSO and six destroyers. The FUSO group is sighted leaving the anchorage by USS CABRILLA (SS-288) and BLUEFISH (SS-222) but neither submarine is able to close to attack. The FUSO group provides distant cover for the "Kon" troop transport force CruDiv 16's cruiser AOBA, light cruiser KINU, minelayers TSUGARU, ITSUKUSHIMA, transport T. 127, several freighters, DesDiv 19's SHIKINAMI, URANAMI, DesDiv 27's SHIGURE and subchasers CH-36 and CH-37.

31 May 1944:
The FUSO group arrives safely at Davao, Philippines.

1 June 1944:
HAGURO receives fresh provisions replenishment from supply ship KITAKAMI MARU. 2 June 1944:
CruDiv 5's HAGURO and MYOKO, the transport group and their destroyers depart Davao for Biak.

3 June 1944:
Around the noon, the "Kon" troop movement is detected by a Seventh Fleet B-24 "Liberator" aircraft. LtCdr Willard R. Laughon's USS RASHER (SS-269) also sights CruDiv 5 making 22 knots towards Karakelong Island, but is unable to close to attack. At 2025, since surprise is lost, the Commander-in-Chief of the Combined Fleet, Admiral Toyoda Soemu (former CO of HYUGA), cancels Operation Kon. CruDiv 5 retires towards Davao

4 June 1944:
The Combined Fleet orders CruDiv 5 and FUSO to Palau as a diversion, but that evening the order is cancelled and Operation Kon is resumed..

5 June 1944:
Near Davao either HAGURO or her sister MYOKO is spotted again by RASHER, but the submarine is still unable to attack. The FUSO group arrives at Davao and refuels.

7 June 1944:
CruDiv 5 departs Davao for Batjan, Halmahera as distant cover for the Biak troop transport operations with destroyers ASAGUMO and KAZAGUMO.

8 June 1944:
The mouth of Davao Bay. At about 0200, KAZAGUMO is torpedoed and sunk by LtCdr John C. Broach's USS HAKE (SS-256) at 06-03 N, 124-57 E. ASAGUMO rescues 133 survivors and continues to Batjan.

11 June 1944:
CruDiv 5 and ASAGUMO arrive at Batjan.

12 June 1944: American Operation "Forager" - The Invasion of Saipan:
Vice Admiral (later Admiral) Richmond K. Turner's (former CO of ASTORIA, CA-34) Task Force 52 lands Marine LtGen Holland M. Smith's V Amphibious Corps on Saipan. After the invasion begins, Operation Kon is "postponed".

13 June 1944: Operation "A-GO" - The Battle of the Philippine Sea:
In Tokyo, the CINC, Combined Fleet, Admiral Toyoda Soemu, (former CO of HYUGA), sends out a signal that activates the A-GO plan for the Defense of the Marianas.

Vice Admiral Ugaki Matome's (former CO of HYUGA) Operation KON Task Force's arrives at Batjan with Bat Div 1’s YAMATO and MUSASHI, DesRon 2's light cruiser NOSHIRO and destroyers OKINAMI and SHIMAKAZE.

At 2200, Ugaki's Task Force departs Batjan to rendezvous with Ozawa's Mobile Fleet.

15 June 1944:
E of Mindanao. At 1622, Ugaki's Task Force is sighted by LtCdr (later Captain) Slade D. Cutter's USS SEAHORSE (SS-304).

At 1650, Ugaki's Task Force joins Ozawa's Force "A": CarDiv 1's TAIHO, ZUIKAKU and SHOKAKU, Rear Admiral Kimura Susumu's (former CO of HARUNA) DesRon 10's light cruiser YAHAGI, DesDiv 10's ASAGUMO, URAKAZE, ISOKAZE and TANIKAZE, DesDiv 61's WAKATSUKI, HATSUYUKI, AKIZUKI, SHIMOTSUKI and MINAZUKI and Rear Admiral Jojima Takatsugu's (former CO of SHOKAKU) Force "B": CarDiv 2's JUNYO, HIYO and RYUHO, BatDiv 1's NAGATO, CruDiv 7's MOGAMI, DesDiv 4's MICHISHIO, NOWAKI and YAMAGUMO, DesDiv 27's SHIGURE, SAMIDARE, AKISHIMO and SHIRATSUYU.

Forces A and B deploy 100 miles behind Vice Admiral Kurita's "C" Force (Vanguard): CarDiv 3, BatDivs 1, 3, CruDivs 4, 7, Rear Admiral (Vice Admiral, posthumously) Hayakawa Mikio's (former CO of NAGATO) DesRon 2: light cruiser NOSHIRO with DesDivs 31, 32.

At 2000, the Mobile Fleet is sighted by USS CAVALLA (SS-244) in the Philippine Sea.

18 June 1944:
At 2100, Vice Admiral Ozawa splits the Mobile Fleet. Forces A and B proceed southward. The Vanguard Force C proceeds due east.

19 June 1944:
At 0810, Ozawa's flagship, new carrier TAIHO is hit forward on her starboardside by one of six torpedoes fired by LtCdr (later Rear Admiral-Ret) James W. Blanchard's USS ALBACORE (SS-218). The explosion cracks TAIHO's avgas tank and leaking gasoline and fumes soon ignite. By 1500, TAIHO is a blazing wreck. Ozawa first transfers to destroyer WAKATSUKI, but then quickly transfers to HAGURO, hoisting his flag at 1606. HAGURO, with limited communications gear, is incapable of performing the duties of fleet flagship, so Ozawa again transfers his flag, this time to fleet carrier ZUIKAKU.

During the day, the Mobile Fleet's aircraft attack Task Force 58, but suffer overwhelming aircraft losses in the "Great Mariana's Turkey Shoot". That same day, LtCdr (later Rear Admiral) Herman J. Kossler's USS CAVALLA (SS-244) torpedoes and sinks fleet carrier SHOKAKU. HAGURO retires with the Mobile Fleet to Chuyo Bay, Okinawa then to Hashirajima and Kure.

24 June 1944:
Arrives at Kure for refit. The aft torpedo tubes are removed. Four triple-mount and 16 single-mount 25-mm. AA are installed bringing HAGURO's AA suite to a total of 52 barrels. A Type 13 air-search radar and a Type 22 surface-search radar are also fitted.

30 June 1944:
CruDiv 5 departs Kure.

1 July 1944:
Arrives at Hashirajima. Embarks IJA troops and supplies and departs for Manila.

4 July 1944:
Arrives at Manila.

8 July 1944:
Arrives at Zamboanga, Philippines.

19 July 1944:
Arrives at Singapore Naval Base. Drydocked.

28 July 1944:

31 July 1944:
Departs Singapore for Lingga. Arrives that day. Training thereafter.

9 September 1944:
Lingga anchorage. HAGURO receives fresh provisions replenishment from stores ship KITAKAMI MARU.

29 September 1944:
Lingga anchorage. HAGURO receives fresh provisions replenishment from KITAKAMI MARU.

18 October 1944:
Departs Lingga with the fleet.

20 October 1944:
Arrives at Brunei, Borneo.

22 October 1944: Operation "SHO-I-GO"(Victory) - The Battle of Leyte Gulf:
CruDiv 5's HAGURO and MYOKO sortie from Brunei in Vice Admiral Kurita's First Mobile Striking Force (Center Force) Force "A"'s First Section's BatDiv 1's YAMATO, MUSASHI and NAGATO, CruDiv 4's ATAGO, TAKAO, MAYA and CHOKAI, DesRon 2's flagship light cruiser NOSHIRO and DesDiv 2's HAYASHIMO, AKISHIMO, KIYOSHIMO, DesDiv 31's KISHINAMI, OKINAMI, ASASHIMO and DesDiv 32's FUJINAMI, NAGANAMI, HAMANAMI and destroyer SHIMAKAZE.

The first section is followed by the second section: BatDiv 3's KONGO, HARUNA, Vice Admiral Shirashi Kazutaka's CruDiv 7's KUMANO, SUZUYA, TONE and the CHIKUMA, DesRon 10's light cruiser YAHAGI and DesDiv 4's NOWAKI and DesDiv 17's URAKAZE, YUKIKAZE, HAMAKAZE and ISOKAZE.

23 October 1944: The Battle of the Palawan Passage:
At 0633, Force A is attacked by Cdr David McClintock's USS DARTER (SS-227) and Cdr Bladen Clagett's USS DACE (SS-247). Vice Admiral Kurita's flagship ATAGO and MAYA are sunk and TAKAO damaged. At 1620, Kurita transfers to YAMATO. HAGURO is undamaged.

24 October 1944: The Battle of the Sibuyan Sea:
Force A endures eleven raids by over 250 Task Force 38 carrier aircraft from USS ESSEX (CV-9), LEXINGTON (CV-16), INTREPID (CV-11), CABOT, (CVL-28), FRANKLIN (CV-13), ENTERPRISE (CV-6). Battleship MUSASHI is sunk, YAMATO and NAGATO are hit by bombs and HARUNA damaged by near-misses. Cruiser TONE is hit by bombs. After MYOKO is hit by an aircraft torpedo, Vice Admiral Hashimoto transfers his flag to undamaged HAGURO. MYOKO detaches for Brunei via Coron.

At 1530, Force A reverses course back through the Sibuyan Sea. At 1715, Force A reverses course again and at 2330, enters the San Bernadino Strait in single file.

25 October 1944 - The Battle off Samar:
At 0030, Force A exits the San Bernardino Strait and proceeds eastward. Then at 0300, off Samar, Force A turns SE towards Leyte Gulf. At 0558, Force A opens fire at U.S. Seventh Fleet's Task Group 77. 4 escort carriers of "Taffy 3": USS ST. LO (CVE-63), USS WHITE PLAINS (CVE-66), KALININ BAY (CVE-68), FANSHAW BAY (CVE-70), KITKUN BAY (CVE-71), GAMBIER BAY (CVE-73). Force A heavily damages GAMBIER BAY, destroyers HOEL (DD-533), JOHNSTON, (DD-557) and destroyer escort ROBERTS (DE-413). All later sink.

TG 77. 4's aircraft attack cruisers CHIKUMA, CHOKAI and SUZUYA that subsequently sink. TONE is damaged. HAGURO is hit by a bomb that knocks out her No. 2 gun turret. Thirty men are killed. Force A retires through San Bernardino Strait and the Sibuyan Sea. [1]

26 October 1944:
At 0800, Force A is attacked by 30 aircraft in the Tablas Strait off Panay. At 0834, they are attacked by 50 more aircraft. Cruiser KUMANO is damaged. Force A is then attacked by torpedo planes and dive-bombers. At 1040, Force A is attacked by 30 USAAF B-24 aircraft. At 1045, Force A is attacked by 60 carrier-based aircraft. HAGURO is not hit in any of these attacks.

27 October 1944:
No attacks.

28 October 1944:
At 2030, the remnants of Force A arrive at Brunei and refuels from oilers.

6 November 1944:
Carrier JUNYO and light cruiser KISO, escorted by DesDiv 30's YUZUKI and UZUKI arrive at Brunei from Sasebo with ammunition resupply for Kurita's force.

8 November 1944:
At 0300, departs Brunei towards Pratas Islands (near the Formosa Strait) with BatDiv 1's YAMATO, NAGATO, BatDiv 3's light cruiser YAHAGI, DesDiv 17's four destroyers. Carrier JUNYO, cruisers TONE, ASHIGARA, light cruiser KISO and DesDiv 30 follow. JUNYO, TONE, KISO and DesDiv 30 detach to Manila. The remainder of the task group makes a feint through the Balabac Strait, then returns to Brunei.

11 November 1944:
Arrives at Brunei Bay. Refuels from oiler HAKKO MARU.

16 November 1944:
At Brunei. Attacked by 40 USAAF Consolidated B-24 "Liberator" bombers and 15 Lockheed P-38 "Lightning" fighters. At 1830, BatDiv 1's YAMATO departs for Kure with BatDiv 3's KONGO, NAGATO, light cruiser YAHAGI and four destroyers. HAGURO remains at Brunei.

17 November 1944:
At Brunei. At 0400, HARUNA, HAGURO, ASHIGARA and light cruiser OYODO depart Brunei.

18 November 1944:
HARUNA group arrives at the Spratly Islands. CarDiv 4's ISE and HYUGA and DesDiv 61's SHIMOTSUKI are unloading troops and supplies after being diverted there because of carrier attacks on Manila.

The CINC, Fifth Fleet, Vice Admiral Shima Kiyohide (former CO of CL OI), arrives from Manila aboard DesDiv 21's HATSUSHIMO accompanied by DesDiv 2's ASASHIMO and DesDiv 7's KASUMI and USHIO. Shima transfers his flag to ASHIGARA.

20 November 1944:
HAGURO departs the Spratlys for Lingga with CarDiv 4, HARUNA, ASHIGARA, OYODO and the destroyers.

22 November 1944:
HAGURO detaches for Singapore. Arrives at the Seletar Naval Base. Drydocked.

16 December 1944:

18 December 1944:
HAGURO is dispatched to tow MYOKO, torpedoed on 13 December by LtCdr John M. Hyde's USS BERGALL (SS-320), back to Singapore.

25 December 1944:
Arrives at Singapore.

30 January 1945:
Departs Seletar, Singapore.

31 January 1945:
Arrives at Lingga.

5 February 1945:
HAGURO and ASHIGARA are reassigned from the Southwest Area Fleet to the Tenth Area Fleet in CruDiv 5.

24 February 1945:
Singapore. The USAAF 's Twentieth Air Force's Mission 38, an all-incendiary attack by 105 Boeing B-29 "Superfortresses", hits the Empire Dock area. The raid burns out about 40 per cent of the warehouse area. One B-29 is lost.

April 1945:
Singapore. HAGURO's forward torpedoes and torpedo tubes are removed to make room for stowage of foodstuffs and munitions.

April 1945: Operation "Akiraka" - The Evacuation of Burma:
After a period of inactivity, HAGURO starts making regular troop runs to the Dutch East Indies and the Bay of Bengal.

1 May 1945:
Captain Sugiura is promoted to Rear Admiral.

3 May 1945: British Operation "Anakim" - The Recapture of Burma:
British forces recapture Rangoon, Burma.

9 May 1945: British Operation "Dukedom" - The Hunt for HAGURO:
HAGURO departs Singapore, probably from the Keppel Shipyard area, escorted by LtCdr Kasuga Hitoshi's destroyer KAMIKAZE. They carry food and supplies for the Port Blair garrison in the Andaman Islands and plan to evacuate troops to Singapore.

Vice Admiral (later Fleet Admiral) Sir Arthur Power's (former CO of ARK ROYAL) Force 61, East Indies Fleet, arrives at Trincomalee, Ceylon. Force 61 includes battleships HMS QUEEN ELIZABETH (F) and the French RICHELIEU, escort carriers HUNTER, KHEDIVE, EMPEROR and SHAH, cruiser CUMBERLAND, light cruisers ROYALIST and HrMs TROMP and destroyers.

10 May 1945:
The HAGURO group is reported in the Straits of Malacca by Lt R. G. P. Bulkeley's submarine HMS STATESMAN and Lt B. J. B. Andrew's submarine SUBTLE. Andrew reports NACHI-class cruiser is escorted by a destroyer and two other escorts, steering 315 degrees at 17 knots. After receiving their reports, Force 61 puts to sea.

11 May 1945:
The British naval units are sighted by Japanese aircraft. The HAGURO group aborts their mission after receiving the sighting report. Arrives at Singapore.

14 May 1945:
HAGURO, flying the flag of ComCruDiv 5's Vice Admiral Hashimoto, departs Singapore with KAMIKAZE carrying food and supplies for the Andaman Islands.

15 May 1945:
Indian Ocean. NE of Sabang. The HAGURO group is spotted by aircraft from Force 61's escort carrier SHAH. At 1330, HAGURO group is dive-bombed by a flight of four Grumman TBF "Avengers" of LtCdr Michael T. Fuller's No. 851 squadron from Force 61's escort carrier EMPEROR. The lead aircraft is shot down and the crew taken prisoner. HAGURO is slightly damaged.

Rear Admiral Sugiura receives a signal from the Commander of the 10th Area Fleet, Vice Admiral Fukudome Shigeru (former CO of NAGATO), that aircraft have sighted two British destroyer squadrons heading towards the HAGURO group. Vice Admiral Hashimoto then orders a reversal of course.

Malacca Strait. At 2245, Captain (later Admiral Sir) Manley L. Power's 26th Destroyer Flotilla, who has anticipated Hashimoto's change in course, makes radar contact with the HAGURO group approaching from the north. The 26th's destroyers, making 28 knots, are four miles apart in line abreast formation and include Power's HMS SAUMAREZ, LtCdr D. H. R. Bromley's VERULAM, Cdr H. G. D. De Chair's VENUS, LtCdr A. J. R. White's VIRAGO and LtCdr L. W. L. Argles' VIGILANT.

16 May 1945:
At midnight, the range is 28,000 yards. HAGURO is in the lead with KAMIKAZE close behind. The 26th Flotilla reverses course to the south and slows to 12 knots. The destroyers, still in line abreast, are now arrayed in a semi-circle from the NW through the S to the E. At 0054, the HAGURO group, still unaware of the British, enters the semi-circle.

Alerted, the Japanese begin zigzagging, but remain on their southerly course and enter the center of the semi-circle. At about 0100, the range is down to 12,000 yards. The destroyers turn north to attack. Within minutes, HAGURO and KAMIKAZE turn NW and increase speed to thirty knots. The 26th Flotilla increases speed and pursues. At 0105, the HAGURO group reverses course to the SE and the range drops to 6,000 yards.

Between 0114-0202, the 26th Flotilla attacks from all sides. HAGURO opens fire and hits SAUMAREZ with an 8-inch (200-mm) shell. All of the British destroyers claim hits with their torpedoes at ranges from 1,200 to 2,500 yards. HAGURO is hit by gunfire and at least three Mark IX torpedoes. She slows and takes on a 30-degree list to port.

At 0232, HAGURO sinks bow first 55 miles WSW of Penang at 04-49N, 99-42E. KAMIKAZE, although damaged, escapes to Penang. [3]

USN codebreakers intercept and decrypt a message, probably from KAMIKAZE, that reads: “Action Summary. At --- time in position 04-49N, 99-42E HAGURO and KAMIKAZE on course 150, speed 22 knots, encountered enemy task force made up of 2 (cruisers ?) and 1 destroyer heading southward. Engagement range was between 3 and 6 kilometers. At ---- time HAGURO received a hit destroying ----- gun. ------. Damage incurred. Received 3 hits in 3 sections of the ship. 19 killed, 13 wounded.”

17 May 1945:
KAMIKAZE returns and rescues 320 men. 900 men are killed including Vice Admiral Hashimoto and Rear Admiral Sugiura.

Rear Admiral Sugiura is promoted Vice Admiral, posthumously as of May 16.

20 June 1945:
Removed from the Navy List.

Authors' Notes:
[1] Mt. Niitaka, located in Formosa (now Taiwan), was the highest point in the Japanese Empire at the time.

[2] On 1 December 2002, a group of divers including Australian diver/photo-journalist Kevin Denlay operating off MV EMPRESS out of Singapore, using side-scan sonar discover DeRUYTER and JAVA at a depth of about 225 feet off Bawean Island in the Java Sea.

[3] On 4 March 2003, a group of divers, again including Kevin Denlay, operating off MV EMPRESS locate the wreck of HAGURO in about 220ft/67m of water. She sits upright, covered in trawler nets with her hull opposite her forward turrets buried in the seabed to about her original waterline, but this level gradually reduces until at the stern her outer propellers and shafts are actually up above the seabed! Her foremast and the top half of the bridge structure are missing/collapsed. Her mainmast is collapsed. Her funnels are missing. British hits are visible in places. The bow section forward of No. 2 turret is decimated. HAGURO's No. 1 turret and barbette are completely uprooted and now lay across the wreck, the rear of the turret on the starboard sea bed and the barrels pointing vertically towards the surface. Her No. 2 turret is trained to starboard at approximately the 1 o’clock position, with its roof collapsed and both barrels and breach’s missing (i.e. not replaced after damaged by a bomb at Leyte Gulf). Her No. 3 turret's guns are askew and trained to the port quarter, i.e. the 8 o’clock position. Both her stern main turrets’ guns point almost directly astern. Just behind the No. 5 turret, the wreck is broken completely in half, although the very stern section is still ‘partially’ attached and heavily damaged on the port side.

[4] On 21 February 2007, a group of divers operating from MV EMPRESS out of Singapore, including Australian photo-journalist Kevin Denlay, locate the wrecks of British heavy cruiser HMS EXETER and destroyer HMS ENCOUNTER in the Java Sea, 350 nautical miles from Sunda Strait. EXETER lays on her starboard side in 60m/200ft of water. Her faithful consort ENCOUNTER rests about two miles away.

[5] In December 2008, the remains of USS POPE (DD-225) was located in the Java Sea in approx 105 feet/32 meters of water by owner/skipper Vidar Skoglie’s dive vessel MV EMPRESS operating out of Singapore. The old destroyer appears to have been found earlier by Indonesian salvage divers and very little remains but a rusted iron ‘skeleton’.

[6] In December 2010, Kevin Denlay and a group of divers returned to the wreck of HAGURO. Diver Andrew Fock reports that they had the great visibility and conditions on the site and that contrary to Note [3] above, No. 2 ("B") turret is not pointing to starboard, but is facing towards the bow.

Special thanks for assistance in researching the IJN officers mentioned in this TROM go to Mr. Jean-François Masson of Canada. Thanks also go to John Whitman of the USA for info on CNO intercepts of Japanese messages and troop movement in 1937. Thanks also go to John Whitman and Gengoro Toda for info on stores ship KITAKAMI MARU.

- Bob Hackett and Sander Kingsepp.

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