SENKAN!

(HARUNA by Takeshi Yuki)

IJN HARUNA:
Tabular Record of Movement

© 2000-2012 Bob Hackett, Sander Kingsepp and Lars Ahlberg
Revision 17


20 March 1908:
Newcastle-on-Tyne, England. The 17,250-ton Dreadnought armored cruiser HMS INVINCIBLE is completed at Sir W. G. Armstrong, Whitworth & Co., Ltd's shipyard and commissioned in the Royal Navy. INVINCIBLE mounts eight 12-inch (305-mm) guns (4x2) and can make 26 knots. Britain's new capital ships render all of the Imperial Japanese Navy's warships, both those operational and those under design, obsolete.

1910: Japanese Naval Expansion Bill:
Tokyo. The Diet passes and funds the 1911 Naval Emergency Expansion bill received from the cabinet. The bill authorizes the design and construction of a battleship and four armored cruisers. The battleship is FUSO and HARUNA is the third of the four armored cruisers, after KONGO and HIEI .

16 March 1912:
Kôbe. Battlecruiser HARUNA is laid down at Kawasaki's ship yard. HARUNA will be built based on plans for KONGO designed by Sir George Thurston of the British shipbuilding firm of Vickers-Armstrong. Most of the parts used in her construction are manufactured in Japan.

14 December 1913:
Kôbe. HARUNA is launched.

3 August 1914: World War I Begins:
Germany declares war on France and invades Belgium. Britain then declares war on Germany and Austria.

15 August 1914:
Tokyo. The Japanese Prime Minister, Count Okuma Shigenobu, issues an ultimatum to Kaiser Wilhelm. Okuma demands that German naval vessels at Kiaochow (Tsingtao), China either leave or surrender and that Germany allow the destruction of their fortifications there. He further demands that Germany’s colonial possessions in China and their islands in the Pacific be turned over to Japan.

23 August 1914:
Berlin. The Germans do not respond.

Tokyo. Japan formally declares war on the German Empire. Thereafter, the IJN occupies the former German colonies (purchased from Spain by Germany) in the Carolines, Palau, Marianas and the Marshall Islands.

7 November 1914:
Tsingtao, China. After a siege of over two months, the outnumbered German garrison surrenders the colony and its harbor to the Japanese.

15 December 1914:
Kôbe. Captain (later Vice Admiral) Funakoshi Kajishiro (former CO of IKOMA) is posted as the Equipping Officer for HARUNA.

19 April 1915:
Kôbe. HARUNA is completed and commissioned in the IJN. Captain Funakoshi is her first Commanding Officer.

13 December 1915:
Captain (later Vice Admiral) Nunome Mitsuzo (former ADC to Fleet Admiral Prince Takehito Arisugawa) assumes command. Attached to BatDiv 3, Second Fleet.

9 April 1916:
Departs Sasebo and operates off China districts.

19 April 1916:
Arrives at Sasebo.

8 November 1916:
Departs Kôbe with HIEI.

1 December 1916:
Captain (later Admiral) Hyakutake Saburo (former CEO of ISE) assumes command.

1 April 1917:
Departs Sasebo and operates off China districts.

11 April 1917:
Arrives at Sasebo.

15 September 1917:
Captain (later Admiral) Taniguchi Naomi (former ADC to Fleet Admiral, Count, Togo Heihachiro) assumes command.

1 December 1917:
Placed in reserve. Captain (later Rear Admiral) Sano Tsuneha (former ADC to Prince Kikumaro) assumes command.

8 January 1918:
The President of the United States, Woodrow Wilson, proposes “Fourteen Points” for the end of the war to the Congress that are later communicated to the warring powers.

11 November 1918: Armistice:
The Armistice, based on Wilson’s Fourteen Points, is signed and takes effect at 1100. World War I is over.

1 December 1918:
Attached to BatDiv 3, Second Fleet.

25 March 1919:
Departs Shibushi Bay for operations off the northern China coast.

9 April 1919:
Arrives at Sasebo.

28 June 1919: The Treaty of Versailles:
After the defeat of Germany, Japan is given a mandate over the ex-German colonies in the Pacific with the exception of Tsingtao.

20 December 1917:
Captain (later Rear Admiral) Oishi Shôkichi (former CO of SUWO) assumes command.

29 August 1920:
Departs Tateyama and operates off the coast of the Soviet Union.

7 September 1920:
Arrives at Otaru.

12 September 1920:
Off Cape Motsuda, Hokkaido. HARUNA is engaged in gunnery practice. Suddenly, a breech explosion tears the starboard 14-inch gun barrel in half and blows off the armored roof of the No. 1 turret. Seven men in the turret are killed. Later, an investigation concludes that during firing a faulty fuse ignited the gunpowder bags in the breech and caused the shell to go off in the barrel. Later, the turret is repaired at Yokosuka. The elevation of her 14-inch guns is increased from 25 to 33 degrees.

20 November 1920:
Captain (later Rear Admiral) Omi Heishiro (former CO of YAKUMO) assumes command. Captain Oishi becomes CO of FUSO.

1 December 1920:
Placed in reserve.

20 November 1921:
Captain (later Rear Admiral) Ueda Kichiji (former CO of ASAHI) assumes command.

7 January 1922:
Captain (later Rear Admiral) Koyama Takeshi (former CO of YAMASHIRO) assumes command.

6 February 1922: The Washington Treaty:
Washington, DC. Japan, United States, Britain, France and Italy agree to limit the displacement and main armament of their capital ships, aircraft carriers and cruisers and to limit the total tonnage and age of their capital ships and carriers. Battleships and aircraft carriers are set at a ratio of 5:5:3 for the navies of Great Britain, the United States and Japan. Japan's Plenipotentiary at the conference is her Minister of the Navy, Admiral (later Fleet Admiral/Prime Minister), the Baron, Kato Tomosaburo.

10 November 1922:
The CO of ASAHI, Captain (later Rear Admiral) Mori Hatsuji, assumes temporary command.

1 December 1922:
Captain (later Rear Admiral) Koizumi Chikaharu (former CO of HIZEN) assumes command.

1 December 1923:
Captain Koizumi is promoted Rear Admiral. He is relieved by Captain (later Rear Admiral)) Hitsuda Kesaichi who assumes command.

15 April 1924:
Captain (later Vice Admiral) Ugawa Wataru (former CO of YAKUMO) assumes command.

1 September 1924:
Captain (later Rear Admiral) Tamura Hiroaki (former CO of MIKASA) assumes command.

1 December 1924:
Captain Tamura is promoted Rear Admiral. He is relieved by Captain (later Rear Admiral) Kondô Naokata (former CO of HAYATOMO) who assumes command.

10 July 1925:
Captain (later Rear Admiral) Ishikawa Kiyoshi assumes command and also assumes additional duty as CO of YAKUMO until 1 Dec '25.

July 1926: First Reconstruction:
Yokosuka. The thickness of HARUNA’s horizontal armor over her magazines and machinery spaces is increased. Torpedo-bulges are added to her hull's sides. Equipment is also fitted to accommodate three Type 90 model 0 floatplanes. All of her 36 Yarrow boilers are removed and replaced with 16 newer type boilers. Brown-Curtis direct-drive turbines are installed. The number of HARUNA’s funnels is reduced from three to two and four torpedo tubes are removed.

1 December 1926:
Captain Ishikawa is promoted Rear Admiral. He is relieved by Captain (later Rear Admiral) Mashiko Rokuya (former CO of CHOGEI) who assumes command.

1 December 1927:
Captain Mashiko is promoted Rear Admiral. He is relieved by the CO of YAMASHIRO, Captain (later Rear Admiral) Tôrin Iwajirô, who assumes temporary command of HARUNA as additional duty.

28 December 1927:
Captain (later Rear Admiral) Isumi Kizo (former ADC to Admiral (later Fleet Admiral) Prince Hiroyasu Fushimi) assumes command.

July 1928:
Yokosuka. The reconstruction is completed. HARUNA is re-rated a battleship.

4 December 1928:
Yokohama. HARUNA is assigned as the Emperor's special ship.

10 December 1928:
Attached to BatDiv 4, Second Fleet. Captain (later Vice Admiral) Goto Akira (former CO of KAKO) assumes command.

1 February 1929:
The Emperor Hirohito's (Showa) younger brother Lt (j.g.) (later Captain) Prince Nobuhito Takamatsu, a graduate of the Etajima Naval Academy, takes up duty aboard HARUNA.

28 March 1929:
Departs Kure and operates off Chefoo, China.

3 April 1929:
Arrives at Lushun (Port Arthur), China.

30 November 1929:
Attached to BatDiv 1, First Fleet. Captain Goto is promoted Rear Admiral and relieved by Captain (later Vice Admiral) Arichi Jugoro (former CO of NATORI) who assumes command.

28 March 1930:
Departs Sasebo and operates off Tsingtao, China.

3 April 1930:
Arrives at Dairen, China.

22 April 1930: The London Treaty:
London. The Treaty for the Limitation and Reduction of Naval Armament is signed by Japan, Great Britain and the United States. It is an extension of the Washington Naval Treaty of 1922. The signatories agree not to build new capital ships until 1937. A number of existing capital ships are to be scrapped.

1 December 1930:
Placed in reserve.

10 February 1931:
Captain (later Rear Admiral) Sonoda Minoru (former CO of KITAKAMII) assumes command.

September 1931: The Manchurian Incident:
Manchuria. Japan claims Chinese soldiers sabotaged the Japanese-controlled Manchurian railway. The Japanese Kwantung army attacks the Chinese Army and soon conquer all of Manchuria. They set up the puppet state of Manchukuo headed by the former Emperor of China, Henry Pu-Yi. China appeals to the League of Nations. The League sends V. A. G. R. Bulwer-Lytton, 2nd Earl of Lytton, to Manchuria to lead a Commission to investigate.

1 October 1931:
Modifications are completed.

8 November 1931:
Departs Yokosuka to become the Emperor's ship during the visit to the Kumamoto prefecture.

1 December 1931:
Captain (later Vice Admiral) Sumiyama Tokutaro (former ADC to then Crown Prince (later Emperor) Hirohito) assumes command.

15 November 1932:
Captain (later Vice Admiral) Katagiri Eikichi (former CO of AOBA) assumes command.

25 February 1933:
Geneva, Switzerland. The League of Nations. The Lytton Commission reports that Japan violated Chinese sovereignty and should return Manchuria to China. At a Special Assembly, 40 nations vote that Japan should withdraw. Only Japan votes against it. Instead of returning Manchuria, Japan instructs its representative Yosuke Matsuoka (later Foreign Minister), to walk out of the League. After withdrawing from the League, Japan also decides that she will no longer abide by restrictions such as the Washington of 1922 and the London Treaty of 1930 that impose limitations on the number and size of her warships.

20 May 1933:
Attached to BatDiv 1, First Fleet.

29 June 1933:
Departs Sasebo and operates off the Maan Islands, China.

4 July 1933:
Arrives at Keelung, Formosa.

13 July 1933:
Departs Makô, Pescadores and operates off the south sea districts.

20 August 1933:
Arrives Kisarazu.

1 August 1933: Second Reconstruction:
Kure. Unfettered by the former Washington Treaty's restrictions, HARUNA is reconstructed to be capable of escorting the IJN's fleet carriers. Her stern is lengthened by 26-feet. Her bridge is rebuilt in a 'pagoda'- style. All boilers are removed and replaced with 11 oil-fired Kampon boilers and she receives new geared turbines. Her speed is increased to 30 knots. A catapult and rails for three floatplanes are installed aft of her No. 3 turret. She is reequipped with Nakajima E8N1 Type 95 ("Dave") and Kawanishi E7K1 Type 94 ("Alf") floatplanes. The elevation of her 14-inch guns is increased from 33 to 43 degrees.

15 November 1933:
Placed in reserve. Captain (later Vice Admiral) Mito Shunzo (former CO of KAKO) assumes command.

1 June 1934:
HARUNA is transferred from the Yokosuka Naval District to the Sasebo Naval District.

September 1934:
The Second Reconstruction is completed. HARUNA is now capable of speeds up to 30 knots. She is rerated a fast battleship.

15 November 1934:
Attached to BatDiv 1, First Fleet.

29 March 1935:
Departs Sasebo and operates off Maan Islands, China.

16 April 1935:
Captain (later Rear Admiral) Iwashita Yasutarô (former CO of JINTSU) assumes command.

28 October 1935:
Captain (later Vice Admiral/CINC, CF) Ozawa Jisaburo (former CO of MAYA) assumes command.

4 April 1936:
Arrives at Sasebo.

13 April 1936:
Departs Sasebo and operates off Tsingtao, China.

22 April 1936:
Arrives at Sasebo.

1 June 1936:
Attached to BatDiv 3 of First Fleet.

4 August 1936:
Departs Keelung, Formosa, and operates off Amoy, China.

7 August 1936:
Arrives Makô.

1 December 1936:
Captain Ozawa is promoted Rear Admiral and is relieved by Captain (Admiral, posthumously) Itô Seiichi (former CO of ATAGO) who assumes command.

27 March 1937:
Departs Sasebo and operates off Tsingtao, China.

6 April 1937:
Arrives at Sasebo.

7 July 1937: The Marco Polo Bridge (Sino-Japanese) Incident:
Lugouqiao, China. Japanese troops make night maneuvers at the bridge in which they fire blank cartridges. Chinese troops fire back, but do not cause injuries. At morning roll call, the Japanese discover a soldier missing. They assume the Chinese have captured him. The Japanese demand entry to Beijing on the excuse that they were looking for the missing soldier. Upon refusal, the Japanese shell the city and begin an undeclared war on China.

20 August 1937:
Departs Atsuta and transports army forces because of the Sino-Japanese Incident.

24 August 1937:
Arrives at Sasebo.

15 September 1937:
Departs Sasebo and operates off the north China coast.

17 September 1937:
Arrives at Lushun (Port Arthur), China.

21 September 1937:
Departs and operates off north China coast.

15 November 1937:
Captain (later Rear Admiral) Oshima Kenshirô (former CO of MAYA) assumes command.

1 December 1937:
Placed in reserve.

9 March 1938:
Captain (later Rear Admiral) Mizuno Junichi of AKAGI assumes temporary command of HARUNA as additional duty.

15 July 1938:
Captain (later Vice Admiral) Fujita Risaburo (former Attache to Great Britain) assumes command.

18 May 1939:
Captain (later Vice Admiral) Nishimura Shoji (former CO of KUMANO) assumes command.

15 November 1939:
Attached to BatDiv 3, First Fleet.

26 March 1940:
Departs Sasebo and operates off the south sea districts.

2 April 1940:
Arrives at Takao, Formosa.

1 November 1940:
Captain (later Vice Admiral) Kimura Susumu (former CO of MIKUMA) assumes command.

15 November 1940:
Becomes a special service ship.

10 April 1941:
Attached to BatDiv 3, First Fleet.

20 August 1941:
Captain (later Vice Admiral) Takama Tomotsu (former CO of NACHI) assumes command replacing Captain Kimura who is reassigned to the Naval Hydrography Command.

HARUNA is assigned to Vice Admiral (later Admiral) Takasu Shiro's (former CO of ISUZU) First Fleet in Vice Admiral Mikawa Gunichi's (former CO of KIRISHIMA) BatDiv 3 at Hashirajima with KONGO, HIEI and KIRISHIMA.

29 November 1941:
BatDiv 3's section 2, HARUNA and KONGO, is attached to Vice Admiral (later Admiral) Kondo Nobutake's (former CO of KONGO) Second Fleet, Southern (Malay) Force's Main Body: BatDiv 3/2, CruDiv 4's ATAGO, TAKAO and MAYA and eight destroyers. The Main Body departs Hashirajima for Mako, Pescadores.

2 December 1941:
The Main Body arrives at Mako.

4 December 1941:
The Main Body departs Mako for Indochina (Vietnam) to provide distant support for the invasion forces.

8 December 1941: The Invasions of Malaya and the Philippines:
CruDiv 4's MAYA detaches from the Main Body to support the landings at Appari and Vigan in the Philippines.

9 December 1941: The Pursuit of the Royal Navy's "Force Z":
The Main Body is SE of Indochina near Poulo Condore Island.

At 1415, LtCdr Harada Tamae's
submarine I-65 reports sighting a British force steaming NNW at 14 knots. This is Admiral Sir Tom S. V. Phillips who sorties from Singapore to find and attack the Malaya invasion transports with his Force Z: Captain J. C. Leach's new battleship HMS PRINCE OF WALES, Captain (later Vice Admiral) W. G. Tennant's old battlecruiser HMS REPULSE, destroyers HMS ELECTRA, EXPRESS, TENEDOS and Australian destroyer HMAS VAMPIRE. The Main Body sorties south for a night attack against Force Z, but no contact is made.

10 December 1941:
At dawn, Rear Admiral (later Vice Admiral) Kurita Takeo's (former CO of KONGO) CruDiv 7's KUMANO, MOGAMI, MIKUMA and SUZUYA with DesRon 3's light cruiser SENDAI and four destroyers join the Main Body. Kondo also orders Vice Admiral Ozawa Jisaburo (former CO of HARUNA) to join in the hunt with cruiser CHOKAI.

That afternoon, the Main Body and all other ships depart the search area after receiving reports that both British capital ships were sunk off Kuantan, Malaya. Force Z was overwhelmed by 94 torpedo-bombers (Type 96 Mitsubishi G3M2 "Nells" and Type 1 G4M1 "Bettys") of the Genzan, Kanoya and Mihoro Kokutais of Rear Admiral (later Vice Admiral) Matsunaga Sadaichi's (former CO of ISUZU) 22nd Air Flotilla based at Saigon and Thudamot in French Indochina. 840 British seamen are lost including Admiral Phillips.[2]

11 December 1941:
The Main Body arrives at Camranh Bay, Indochina.

14 December 1941:
The Main Body departs Camranh to cover the Second Malaya Convoy, NE of Natuna Besar Island.

17 December 1941:
The Main Body returns to Camranh.

18 December 1941:
The Main Body departs Camranh to cover the invasion landings at Lingayen Gulf, Philippines.

20 December 1941:
The Main Body arrives at a point 300 miles W of Luzon in the vicinity of the Macclesfield Bank.

20-23 December 1941:
The Main Body lies off the coast of Luzon.

23 December 1941:
The Main Body returns to Camranh, then departs for Formosa.

25 December 1941:
The Main Body arrives at Takao, Formosa. Servicing and repairs are carried out.

11 January 1942:
The Main Body arrives at Mako.

14 January 1942:
The Main Body departs Mako for the Palau Islands in the Carolines.

18 January 1942:
The Main Body arrives at Palau. Provides distant cover for the Dutch East Indies invasion forces.

Rear Admiral (Vice Admiral, posthumously) Yamaguchi Tamon's (former CO of ISE) CarDiv 2's HIRYU and SORYU also arrive at Palau from Kure.

21-25 January 1942:
The Main Body splits into two groups to provide distant support of air attacks on Ambon Island. HARUNA, CarDiv 2, CruDiv 4's MAYA and four destroyers operate out of Palau to the east of Mindanao, the Philippines. KONGO, CruDiv 4's ATAGO and TAKAO and four destroyers operate south of Palau.

18 February 1942:
Bat Div 3 departs Palau for Staring (Teluk) Bay, near Kendari, Celebes (now Sulwasei).

21 February 1942:
BatDiv 3 arrives at Staring Bay. Vice Admiral (later Admiral) Kondo Nobutake (former CO of KONGO) CruDiv 4's ATAGO, MAYA and TAKAO and six destroyers also arrive and refuel. Vice Admiral (Admiral, posthumously) Nagumo Chuichi's (former CO of YAMASHIRO) First Air Fleet Striking Force ("Kido Butai") CarDiv 1's AKAGI and KAGA, CarDiv 2's HIRYU and SORYU and CruDiv 8's CHIKUMA and TONE, DesRon 1's light cruiser ABUKUMA with DesDiv 17's URAKAZE, ISOKAZE, TANIKAZE and HAMAKAZE and DesDiv 18's KASUMI, SHIRANUHI and ARIAKE arrives from their stike on Darwin, Australia and refuels.

25 February 1942: Operation "J" - The Invasion of the Netherlands East Indies:
The Main Body departs Staring Bay following the Carrier Striking Force, CruDiv 8, DesRon 1 and six tankers. The Main Body supports air attacks on Java.

1 March 1942:
Banda Sea. The Main Body is enroute to Christmas Island (190 miles S of Java) via the Ombai Strait off Timor.

7 March 1942:
BatDiv 3/2 bombards Christmas Island with DesDiv 17's URAKAZE, HAMAKAZE, ISOKAZE and TANIKAZE.

9 March 1942:
After the surrender of the Dutch East Indies, the BatDiv 3/2 group returns to Staring Bay, Celebes.

10-25 March 1942:
At Staring Bay. BatDiv 3's HARUNA, HIEI, KONGO and KIRISHIMA refuel. After more than three months of continuous operations, the crews are allowed some rest and relaxation.

26 March 1942:
BatDiv 3 sorties from Staring Bay via Timor Sea into Indian Ocean with Nagumo's Carrier Striking Force: CarDiv 1's AKAGI, CarDiv 3's SORYU and HIRYU, CarDiv 5's SHOKAKU and ZUIKAKU, CruDiv 8's TONE and CHIKUMA, DesDiv 17's URAKAZE, ISOKAZE, TANIKAZE and HAMAKAZE, DesDiv 18's KASUMI, SHIRANUHI, ARARE and KAGERO, DesDiv 4's MAIKAZE and HAGIKAZE, CarDiv 5's AKIGUMO and fleet oiler SHINKOKU MARU.

1 April 1942:
Oiler KENYO MARU refuels HARUNA with 550 metric tons of fuel oil.

5 April 1942: Operation "C" - The Raids in the Indian Ocean:
The Striking Force attacks Colombo, Ceylon (now Sri Lanka). At 0800, 127 of the "Kido Butai's" aircraft led by Cdr (later Captain) Fuchida Mitsuo (of Pearl Harbor) attack the British naval base. They wreck the base's facilities, destroy 31 aircraft (6 Swordfish, 21 Hurricane, 4 Fulmar) aircraft and sink destroyer HMS TENEDOS and armed merchant cruiser HMS HECTOR. 55 RN personnel are killed at Colombo (TENEDOS 33, HECTOR 3, LUCIA 2, TRUSTY 1, BALTA 1, FAA aircrew and ground crew 12, and an "Albacore" crew from INDOMITABLE 3).

A TONE floatplane finds Vice Admiral (later Admiral of the Fleet Sir) James Somerville's (former CO of HMS NORFOLK) British Eastern Fleet's cruisers HMS CORNWALL and DORSETSHIRE at sea - without air cover. Between 1338-1400, 53 Aichi D3A "Val" dive-bombers from AKAGI, HIRYU and SORYU sink both ships. 424 RN personnel are killed (DORSETSHIRE 234, CORNWALL 190). After the attack, the Striking Force withdraws to the SE and searches unsuccessfully for the rest of Somerville's fleet.

6 April 1942:
At 0500, Vice Admiral Nagumo orders the Striking Force with BatDiv 3 to reverse course to the NW.

7 April 1942:
HARUNA transfers 200 metric tons of fuel oil to destroyer KAGERO and 215 tons to destroyer KASUMI.

9 April 1942:
At 0600, the Striking Force launches 91 Aichi D3A1 Val dive-bombers and 41 Mitsubishi A6M2 Zeke fighters led by Commander Fuchida to attack the British naval base at Trincomalee, Ceylon. They find the harbor almost empty, but destroy merchant ship SAGAING and the four aircraft she was carrying, and damage monitor EREBBUS. They also seriously damage the dockyard and the RAF station at China Bay, shoot down nine planes and destroy at least 14 aircraft on the ground.

HARUNA launches a E8N2 Dave floatplane that spots an enemy carrier 65 miles south of the base. At 0900, the Striking Force launches 85 “Vals”, escorted by nine “Zekes”, which sink old light carrier HMS HERMES and Australian destroyer HMAS VAMPIRE. Nagumo's aircraft also find and sink corvette HMS HOLLYHOCK, oilers ATHELSTANE and BRITISH SERGEANT and Norwegian merchant ship NORVIKEN.

During the day, nine of the Royal Air Force’s No. 11 Squadron’s Bristol "Blenheim" bombers attack KONGO, but score no hits and lose five of their number to Nagumo's Combat Air Patrol’s "Zekes". BatDiv3 and the Striking Force continue heading SE.

10 April 1942:
At about midnight, the fleet changes course to the NE. During the next 36 hours, BatDiv 3 and the Striking Force gradually bear southwards again and pass through the Andaman Sea entering the Straits of Malacca

13 April 1942:
By nightfall, the fleet passes Singapore and enters the South China Sea, bound for Japan.

15 April 1942:
Oiler KOKUYO MARU refuels HARUNA with 1520 tons.

23 April 1942:
The fleet arrives at Hashirajima.

April-May 1942:
Kure. Refit, drydocked.

1 May 1942:
Captain Takama is promoted to Rear Admiral.

19 May 1942:
BatDiv 3 departs Hashirajima with the First and Third Fleets. The fleets conduct two-day maneuvers at sea.

23 May 1942:
BatDiv 3 returns to Hashirajima.

29 May 1942: Operation "MI" - The Battle of Midway:
The Support Group's BatDiv 3, Section 2's HARUNA and KIRISHIMA depart Hashirajima for Midway with Vice Admiral Nagumo's First Mobile Force, Carrier Strike Force: CarDiv 1's AKAGI and KAGA, CarDiv 2's HIRYU and SORYU, CruDiv 8's TONE and CHIKUMA, DesRon 10's light cruiser NAGARA and 11 destroyers.

4 June 1942:
At 0430, HARUNA catapults a "Dave" floatplane to search for American carriers northeast of the Striking Force. Longer-range search planes are also launched from the AKAGI and the KAGA and later by CHIKUMA and TONE. At 0817, HARUNA and KIRISHIMA are attacked by 11 Midway-based obsolete Marine SB2U-3 "Vindicator" dive-bombers, but they only score near-misses. When KAGA is set afire, HARUNA briefly closes to assist.

At 1020, two SBDs from YORKTOWN approach HARUNA from her starboard beam and score two very near misses. The battleship disappears behind the waterspouts and some lookouts on nearby vessels report her as lost. At 1649, HARUNA is attacked unsuccessfully by four level-bombers. At 1707, HARUNA is attacked unsuccessfully by two SBD-3 "Dauntless" dive-bombers of VB-3 from USS YORKTOWN (CV-5). At 1826, HARUNA comes under attack by eight B-17Es "Flying Fortress" of the 431st Bomb Group, but they fail to score a hit.

5 June 1942:
From 1508 to 1545 (JST), DesDiv 17's TANIKZAE is attacked by three waves of SBDs, about 50 aircraft total. Near-misses cause an explosion in her after turret. She claims four SBDs shot down. At about 1600, HARUNA is attacked by SBDs not far from where TANIKAZE was attacked. HARUNA suffers but minor damage. That night, after the Striking Force joins the Main Body, DesRon 10's destroyers come alongside HARUNA. She takes aboard an unknown number of survivors that the destroyers rescued earlier from the sunken carriers AKAGI, KAGA, HIRYU and SORYU.

14 June 1942:
Returns to Hashirajima.

20 June 1942:
Captain (later Rear Admiral) Ishii Keishi (former CO of OBB target ship SETTSU) assumes command. Rear Admiral Takama is reassigned as ComDesRon 4, Second Fleet (Advanced Force) on 14 July 1942.

14 July 1942:
HARUNA is assigned to the Second Fleet. Vice Admiral Kurita Takeo (former CO of KONGO) assumes command of the resized BatDiv 3's KONGO (F) and HARUNA from Vice Admiral Mikawa who is reassigned as Commander of the Eighth Fleet at Rabaul. HIEI and KIRISHIMA are reassigned to the new BatDiv 11. Her floatplane complement is now one Aichi E13A Type 0 and two Mitsubishi F1M Type 0, tail codes CII-x (in yellow).

August-5 September 1942:
At Kure. Refit.

6-10 September 1942:
Bat Div 3 departs Kure for Truk with DesDiv 31's MAKINAMI and DesDiv 32's NAGANAMI.

10 September 1942:
Bat Div 3 sorties from Truk with Vice Admiral Kondo's Second Fleet: CruDiv 4's ATAGO, TAKAO and MAYA, CruDiv 5's HAGURO and MYOKO and DesRon 2. The Second Fleet accompanies Vice Admiral (Admiral, posthumously) Nagumo Chuichi's (former CO of YAMASHIRO) Third Fleet:CarDiv 1's SHOKAKU, ZUIKAKU and ZUIHO, BatDiv 11's HIEI and KIRISHIMA, CruDiv 7's KUMANO and SUZUYA, CruDiv 8's CHIKUMA, DesRon 10's light cruiser NAGARA and 11 destroyers to an area north of the Solomon Islands.

15-17 September 1942:
At sea. The fleets refuel destroyers.

18-20 September 1942:
The Second and Third Fleets sortie towards the Solomons.

20 September 1942:
The fleets are ordered to return to Truk.

23 September 1942:
The fleets arrive at Truk. Bat Div 3 provides distant support for operations in the Solomon Islands. In October, a Type 22 radar is installed.

11 October 1942:
Kurita's Bat Div 3 departs Truk for Guadalcanal with the Second and Third Fleets.

12 October 1942:
Bat Div 3 detaches from Kondo and Nagumo's fleets with Rear Admiral (later Vice Admiral) Tanaka Raizo's (former CO of KONGO) DesRon 2's light cruiser ISUZU and three destroyers. Six destroyers from Shortland join Kurita's force. All head towards the Solomon Islands.

13 October 1942:
Beginning at 0133, BatDiv 3 bombards Henderson Field, Guadalcanal. HARUNA and KONGO fire 918 (483 and 435 respectively) 35.6 cm. (14-in.) shells including thousand pound Type 3 HE shells originally designed as anti-aircraft rounds. Each Type 3 round contains 470 individual incendiary submunitions. After the HE shells are expended, BatDiv 3 continues the bombardment with less effective AP shells. Kurita's battleships destroy more than 40 U.S. aircraft on the ground.

ISUZU also fires on Marine batteries on Tulagi Island. LtCdr Alan Montgomery's Motor Torpedo Boat Squadron 3's PT-38, PT-46, PT-48 and PT-60 attack Kurita's destroyer screen, but are driven off by destroyer NAGANAMI and no hits are scored. At 0230, BatDiv 3 retires up the "Slot" at 29 knots.

17-18 October 1942:
BatDiv 3 and DesDiv 15's KAGERO and OYASHIO refuel at sea with Kondo's Advance Force.

26 October 1942: The Battle of Santa Cruz:
HARUNA is attacked by a PBY "Catalina" flying boat, but not damaged.

30 October 1942:
BatDiv 3 returns to Truk.

9 November 1942:
BatDiv 3 departs Truk with task group: carrier JUNYO, cruiser TONE, DesRon 3's light cruiser SENDAI and five destroyers. BatDiv 3 supports air attacks launched at the USS ENTERPRISE (CV-6) south of Guadalcanal, but JUNYO's aircraft fail to find ENTERPRISE.

13 November 1942: The First Naval Battle of Guadalcanal:
BatDiv 3, cruising near Ontong Java Atoll, provides distant support for Kondo's Emergency Bombardment Force against Henderson Field.

15 November 1942:
The Second Naval Battle of Guadalcanal:
After the loss of BatDiv 11's KIRISHIMA off Savo Island, BatDiv 3 departs the area for Truk.

18 November 1942:
Arrives at Truk. Resumes battle training.

18 November 1942-30 January 1943:
At Truk.

30 January 1943: Operation "KE" – The Evacuation of Guadalcanal:
BatDiv 3 departs Truk with a task force of units of the Second and Third Fleet: carriers ZUIKAKU, ZUIHO and JUNYO, CruDiv 4's ATAGO and TAKAO, CruDiv 5's HAGURO and MYOKO, DesRon 4's light cruiser NAGARA, DesRon 10's light cruiser AGANO and destroyers. The task force steams north of the Solomons as a feint to cover the evacuation of Japanese forces from Guadalcanal by destroyers from Rabaul.

9 February 1943:
After the successful evacuation of 12,000 troops from Guadalcanal, the task force returns to Truk.

15 -20 February 1943:
BatDiv 3 departs Truk for Kure with seaplane carrier NISSHIN and DesDiv 27's SHIGURE.

20 February-March 1943:
Kure. Overhaul and refit. Type 21 air and surface detection radar installed. Six
6-in. guns removed. Additional 25-mm. AA installed. Concrete protection is added in the vicinity of the steering gear.

11 March 1943:
HARUNA is escorted by torpedo boat HATO, minelayer NUWAJIMA, patrol boats PB-31 and PB-46 and subchaser CH-36 from Osumi Kaikyo to Okinoshima.

20 March 1943:
HARUNA, aircraft carriers SHOKAKU and RYUHO and unidentified destroyers are met by torpedo boat HATO, minelayers NATSUSHIMA and NUWAJIMA and patrol boat PB-46 and escorted to Okinoshima. Later that day, HARUNA arrives in the Inland Sea.

1 April 1943:
Bat Div 3 departs Kure for Truk. HARUNA and KONGO carry men of the Kure 7th Special Naval Landing Force (SNLF).

6 April 1943:
BatDiv 3 arrives at Truk. Disembarks SNLF troops.

1 May 1943:
Captain Ishii is promoted Rear Admiral.

17 May 1943:
Reassigned to the Attu Task Force. Bat Div 3's HARUNA and KONGO depart Truk for Yokosuka in response to the Attu invasion with BatDiv 1's MUSASHI, CarDiv 2's HIYO, CruDiv 8's TONE and CHIKUMA and DesDiv 24's UMIKAZE and DesDiv 27's ARIAKE and SHIGURE, DesDiv 61's HATSUZUKI and SUZUTSUKI. MUSASHI, with Admiral Koga aboard, also carries Admiral Yamamoto's ashes to Tokyo for a state funeral.

20 May 1943:
Alerted by Ultras, USS SAWFISH (SS-276) picks up the task force on radar is unable to attack.

22 May 1943:
USS TRIGGER (SS-237) sights the task force off Tokyo Bay, but is unable to attack. The task force arrives safely. Carriers ZUIKAKU, SHOKAKU and ZUIHO and light cruisers AGANO and OYODO join the task force at Yokosuka -Tokyo Bay. CruDiv 7's KUMANO, MOGAMI and SUZUYA also arrive from Tokuyama. Before this powerful force can depart for a counterattack against the Aleutians, Attu falls to U.S. forces.

May 1943:
Departs Yokosuka with the fleet on maneuvers.

June 1943:
Refit at Yokosuka.

14 June 1943:
Captain (later Rear Admiral) Morishita Nobuei
(former CO of OI ) assumes command. Rear Admiral Ishii becomes Chief of Staff of the Sasebo Naval Base.

16 June 1943:
BatDiv 3 departs Yokosuka for Truk with a task group: light carrier RYUHO, escort carriers UNYO, CHUYO, CruDiv 7's KUMANO and SUZUYA and seven destroyers.

17 June 1943:
USS FLYING FISH (SS-229) sights the group making 20 knots, but the submarine is unable to attack.

21 June 1943:
USS SPEARFISH (SS-190) attacks one of the carriers in the group, but misses with four torpedoes. The task group arrives safely at Truk.

9 August 1943:
Vice Admiral Kurita assumes command of the Second Fleet. Kondo, promoted to Admiral on 23 April 1943, is reassigned as Commander-in-Chief of the China Area Fleet.

18 September 1943:
At Truk. BatDiv 3 remains at Truk as guardships with flagship MUSASHI and FUSO during the fleet's sortie to Brown Island, Eniwetok in response to raids on Tarawa, Makin and Abemama Atolls by Rear Admiral Charles A. Pownall's Task Force 15.

25 September 1943:
The fleet arrives back at Truk.

25 September-17 October 1943:
At Truk.

5-6 November 1943:
Rear Admiral (later Vice Admiral) Alfred E. Montgomery's (former CO of RANGER (CV-4) Task Force 14's carriers USS ESSEX (CV-9), YORKTOWN (CV-10), LEXINGTON (CV-16), INDEPENDENCE (CV-22), BELLEAU WOOD (CVL-24) and COWPENS (CVL-25) launch raids on Wake and the Marshall Islands.

17 October 1943:
The Japanese intercept radio traffic that suggests the Americans are planning another raid on Wake Island. Admiral Koga sorties from Truk to intercept the enemy carriers with the fleet: BatDiv 1's YAMATO, MUSASHI, and NAGATO, BatDiv 2's FUSO, Bat Div 3's KONGO and HARUNA, CarDiv 1's SHOKAKU, ZUIKAKU and ZUIHO, CruDiv 4's ATAGO, TAKAO, MAYA and CHOKAI, CruDiv 7's SUZUYA and MOGAMI, CruDiv 8's CHIKUMA and TONE and light cruisers AGANO, NOSHIRO, OYODO and destroyers.

19-23 October 1943:
Arrives at Brown Atoll, Eniwetok.

23 October 1943:
Departs Brown and sorties to a position 250 miles south of Wake. Returns after no contact is made with enemy forces.

26 October 1943:
The fleet arrives back at Truk.

11 December 1943:
BatDiv 3 departs Truk for Sasebo with DesDiv 4's MAIKAZE and NOWAKI.

16 December 1943:
Arrives at Sasebo. Refit, then training in Inland Sea.

25 January 1944:
Captain (later Rear Admiral) Shigenaga Kazu (former CO of CHIKUMA) assumes command from Captain (later Rear Admiral) Morishita who is selected to command YAMATO.

1 March 1944:
Arrives at Tokuyama Naval Fuel Depot. Refuels.

2 March 1944:
Departs Tokuyama.

8 March 1944:
BatDiv 3 departs Sumoto for Lingga (south of Singapore) with carrier ZUIKAKU, cruiser MOGAMI, DesDiv 10's ASAGUMO, AKIGUMO and KAZAGUMO. BatDiv 3 carries the 103rd Air Defense Unit (241 men in all).

11 March 1944:
At 1210, the task group is sighted by USS LAPON (SS-260), but the submarine is unable to attack. ZUIKAKU and MOGAMI are detached and put into Seletar Naval Base, Singapore. The remainder of the task group continues south to Lingga.

14 March-11 May 1944:
Training at Lingga.

31 March 1944:
Departs Lingga for Singapore.

April -11 May 1944:
Departs Singapore for Lingga. Training.

11 May 1944:
Steams with Vice Admiral Ozawa Jisaburo's (former CO of HARUNA) Mobile Fleet from Lingga to the Tawi Tawi anchorage.

13 May-13 June 1944:
At Tawi Tawi with Vice Admiral Kurita's Force "C" Vanguard: BatDiv 1's YAMATO and MUSASHI, BatDiv 3, CarDiv 3's CHITOSE, CHIYODA and ZUIHO, CruDiv 4's ATAGO, TAKAO, MAYA and CHOKAI, CruDiv 7's KUMANO and SUZUYA, CruDiv 8's CHIKUMA and TONE, DesRon 2's light cruiser NOSHIRO and six destroyers.

13 June 1944: Operation "A-GO" - The Battle of the Philippine Sea:
In Tokyo, the CINC, Combined Fleet, Admiral Toyoda Soemu, (former CO of HYUGA), sends out a signal that activates the A-GO plan for the Defense of the Marianas.

Ozawa's Mobile Fleet departs Tawi Tawi (less Operation "Kon's" BatDiv 1, CruDiv 5) for Guimaras near Panay Island, Philippines. At 1000, LtCdr Marshall H. Austin's USS REDFIN (SS-272) sights and reports the departing Mobile Fleet.

14 June 1944:
At Guimaras. Refuels from oilers.

15 June 1944:
The Mobile Fleet departs Guimaras through the Visayan Sea. At 1622, the Mobile Fleet is sighted in the San Bernardino Strait by LtCdr Robert Risser's USS FLYING FISH (SS-229).

17 June 1944:
LtCdr (later Rear Admiral) Herman J. Kossler's USS CAVALLA (SS-244) sights the Mobile Fleet in the Philippine Sea and reports its movement after surfacing later that evening.

18-19 June 1944:
Ozawa splits the Mobile Fleet. Forces "A" and "B" proceed southward. The Vanguard Force "C" proceeds due east in the Philippine Sea headed towards Saipan. The Mobile Fleet's aircraft attack the U.S. Task Force 58 off Saipan, but suffer overwhelming aircraft losses in the "Great Mariana's Turkey Shoot".

20 June 1944:
At 1830, BatDiv 3 and carrier CHIYODA are attacked by Curtiss SB2C "Helldiver" dive-bombers and Grumman TBM "Avenger" torpedo-bombers from USS BUNKER HILL (CVL-17), MONTEREY (CVL-26) and CABOT (CVL-28). Four aircraft from CABOT's VT-31 score 500-lb. bomb hits on HARUNA's turret No. 4 and quarterdeck and several near misses. Fifteen crewmen are killed and many others wounded. The bombs damage HARUNA's hull below the water line and start leakage into a powder magazine, but she is able to maintain 27 knots. During the battle, air attacks sink carrier HIYO and damage carriers ZUIKAKU, JUNYO, CHIYODA and RYUHO while CAVALLA sinks SHOKAKU and ALBACORE (SS-218) sinks new armored carrier TAIHO. HARUNA retires with the Mobile Fleet to Nakagusuku Wan
(Bay), Okinawa.

21 June 1944:
At 1612, USN codebreakers intercept and decrypt a message from the Chief of Staff, 2nd Fleet that reads: "Haruna and Maya received the following damages in the battle of the 20th: 1. Haruna ----- (lists fairly extensive damages, from bomb hit(s), -----. Maya. Flooding in vicinity of ------ (120 tons of water have entered). Port ----- out of commission --."

23 June 1944:
At 0848, codebreakers intercept and decrypt a message from the Chief of Staff, 1st Mobile Fleet that reads: "Haruna, Shigure and Samidare will carry out repairs of damage at Sasebo; Maya will do the same at Yokosuka and others at Sasebo --."

22 June 1944:
Okinawa. HARUNA refuels destroyers then departs for Japan.

24 June 1944:
Arrives at Sasebo. Drydocked for battle damage repairs and refit. Type 13 radar and additional 25-mm. AA guns are installed.

15 August 1944:
Departs Saesbo for Singapore with DesDiv 4's YAMAGUMO, MICHISHIO and NOWAKI.

18 August 1944:
At 0029, LtCdr Robert E. M. Ward's USS SAILFISH (SS-192) makes radar contact with HARUNA group in the South China Sea. At 0135, at 18-40N, 116-10E, Ward fires four torpedoes at HARUNA from 3,600 yards. All miss.

21 August 1944:
HARUNA arrives at Lingga. She rejoins KONGO in Vice Admiral Suzuki Yoshio's (former CO of KONGO)
BatDiv 3. She remains at Lingga for almost two months.

15 October 1944:
Captain Shigenaga is promoted to Rear Admiral.

18-20 October 1944:
BatDiv 3 departs Lingga with fleet for Brunei Bay, Borneo.

22 October 1944: Operation "SHO-I-GO"(Victory) - The Battle of Leyte Gulf:
BatDiv 3 sorties from Brunei with Vice Admiral Kurita's First Diversion Attack Force (Center Force) in Force "A"'s Second Section: CruDiv 7's KUMANO, SUZUYA, TONE and CHIKUMA, DesRon 10's light cruiser YAHAGI and five destroyers. The Second Section sorties behind Force A's First Section: BatDiv 1's YAMATO, MUSASHI and NAGATO, CruDiv 4's ATAGO, TAKAO, MAYA and CHOKAI, CruDiv 5's MYOKO and HAGURO, DesRon 2's light cruiser NOSHIRO and 10 destroyers.

23 October 1944: The Battle of the Palawan Passage:
Two American submarines attack Force A. USS DARTER (SS-227) sinks Kurita's flagship ATAGO. Destroyer KISHINAMI picks him up. Ten hours later, he transfers to YAMATO to resume command of the First Diversion Attack Force. DARTER also damages TAKAO. USS DACE (SS-247) sinks MAYA. HARUNA is not damaged.

24 October 1944: The Battle of the Sibuyan Sea:
Force A endures raids by over 250 U.S. carrier aircraft. MUSASHI, hit by numerous aircraft torpedoes and bombs, sinks in the Visayan Sea. YAMATO, hit by bombs, is down by the bow. Force A continues on course through the Sibuyan Sea. HARUNA is damaged by near misses. At 1530 hours, Force A reverses course back through the Sibuyan Sea. At 1715 hours, Kurita again reverses course. At 2330 hours, Force enters the San Bernadino Strait in single file.

25 October 1944: The Battle off Samar:
At 0030, Force A exits the San Bernardino Strait and proceeds towards Leyte Gulf. At 0544, Force A's lookouts spot four enemy destroyers, and shortly thereafter three carriers, three cruisers and two more destroyers at a range of 23 miles bearing 60 degrees to port.

BatDiv 3 is ordered eastwards to prevent the enemy from drawing away. HARUNA, her propellers not repaired after being damaged during the Battle of the Philippine Sea, can make only 26 knots and soon lags behind.

At 0558, Force A opens fire at the "jeep" escort carriers of "Taffy 3": USS ST. LO (CVE-63), WHITE PLAINS (CVE-66), KALININ BAY (CVE-68), FANSHAW BAY (CVE-70) (F), KITKUN BAY (CVE-71) and GAMBIER BAY (CVE-73). "Taffy 3"'s carriers are screened by destroyers USS HOEL (DD-533), JOHNSTON (DD-557), HEERMANN (DD-532) and destroyer escorts USS SAMUEL B. ROBERTS (DE-413), DENNIS (DE-405), RAYMOND (DE-341) and JOHN C. BUTLER (DE-339).

At 0604, WHITE PLAINS and flagship FANSHAW BAY are straddled by 14-inch salvos from either HARUNA or KONGO. At 0654, destroyer HEERMANN fires three torpedoes at HARUNA. These torpedoes miss HARUNA but cause YAMATO and NAGATO to turn northward and steam for 10 miles until the torpedoes run out of fuel.

Between 0755 and 0910, Force A sinks GAMBIER BAY, HOEL, ROBERTS and JOHNSTON. Kurita orders all ships to head north, but at 1020 he reverses course southward and again heads towards Leyte Gulf. Between 1030 and 1320, CHOKAI, CHIKUMA and SUZUYA are disabled by battle damage and subsequently lost. Force "A" reverses course northward and at 2100 retires through the San Bernardino Strait.

26 October 1944:
Aircraft attack Force A in the Tablas Strait off Panay Island, but HARUNA is not hit.

27 October 1944:
No attacks. HARUNA and NAGATO refuel the destroyers ISOKAZE and YUKIKAZE at Dangerous Ground off Palawan.

28 October 1944:
The remnants of Force A arrive at Brunei. Refuel.

6 November 1944:
Carrier JUNYO and light cruiser KISO, escorted by DesDiv 30's YUZUKI and UZUKI, arrive at Brunei from Sasebo with ammunition resupply for Kurita's force.

8 November 1944:
At 0300, departs Brunei towards Pratas Islands (near the Formosa Strait) with BatDiv 1's YAMATO and NAGATO, BatDiv 3, light cruiser YAHAGI, DesDiv 17's four destroyers. JUNYO, cruisers TONE and ASHIGARA, KISO and DesDiv 30 follow. JUNYO, TONE, KISO and DesDiv 30 are detached to Manila. The remainder of the group makes a feint through the Balabac Strait, then returns to Brunei.

11 November 1944:
At 1000, arrives at Brunei
Bay. Refuels from oiler HAKKO MARU.

15 November 1944:
NAGATO is reassigned to BatDiv 3 in Second Fleet with HARUNA and KONGO.

16 November 1944:
At Brunei. Attacked by 40 USAAF Consolidated B-24 "Liberator" bombers and 15 Lockheed "Lightning" P-38 fighters. BatDiv 3 is not damaged. At 1830, KONGO departs for Kure with BatDiv 1's YAMATO, BatDiv 3, light cruiser YAHAGI and four destroyers. HARUNA remains at Brunei and joins ASHIGARA and HAGURO and light cruiser OYODO.

17 November 1944:
At Brunei. At 0400, HARUNA and the cruisers depart Brunei.

18 November 1944:
HARUNA group arrives at the Spratly Islands. CarDiv 4's ISE and HYUGA and DesDiv 61's SHIMOTSUKI are already there unloading troops and supplies after being diverted from Manila because of carrier air attacks on that port.

Vice Admiral Shima Kiyohide (former CO of OI), CINC, Fifth Fleet arrives from Manila aboard DesDiv 21's HATSUSHIMO accompanied by DesDiv 2's ASASHIMO and DesDiv 7's KASUMI and USHIO. Shima transfers his flag to ASHIGARA.

20 November 1944:
HARUNA departs the Spratlys for Lingga with CarDiv 4, ASHIGARA, HAGURO, OYODO and destroyers.

22 November 1944:
At 1500, arrives at Lingga Roads, but HARUNA runs aground on a reef while maneuvering to anchor. She damages her bilge amidships forward. The damage is serious and requires her return to Sasebo for repairs.

28 November 1944.
Departs Lingga.

29 November 1944:
Arrives at Singapore in the early morning. Departs 1930 that day for Mako, Pescadores with destroyers HATSUSHIMO and KASUMI.

1 December 1944:
At 2213, the HARUNA group, making 18 knots, is picked up on radar by LtCdr Herman J. Kossler's USS CAVALLA (SS-244) at 11-16N, 111-38E. As he closes the track, Kossler sights an escort.

2 December 1944:
At 0111, Kossler identifies one of the contacts as "a battleship, possibly YAMATO". He makes an "end around" approach to attack. Kossler takes CAVALLA to periscope depth, but is forced to dive to avoid being rammed by an escort. While diving, Kossler "snap-shoots" six torpedoes at HARUNA, but they all miss.

4 December 1944:
South of Formosa. At 2246, HARUNA is bombed by a B-29, but not damaged.

5 December 1944:
At 1020, the HARUNA group arrives at Mako. Destroyers KASUMI and HATSUSHIMO are detached and later escort a convoy to Camranh.

6 December:
Departs Mako for Sasebo with carrier JUNYO, DesDiv 41's SUZUTSUKI, FUYUTSUKI and DesDiv 31's destroyer escort MAKI.

8 December 1944:
At about 2000, alerted by Ultra, LtCdr L. D. McGregor's USS REDFISH (SS-395) makes radar contact on the zigzagging task group at 31,000 yards making 19 knots. McGregor attempts an "end-around" but loses contact. He signals six nearby American submarines of his contact. At 2030, McGregor regains contact and continues tracking the task group. At 2130, LtCdr R. E. Styles' USS SEA DEVIL (SS-400) makes radar contact on the task group at 16,000 yards.

9 December 1944:
About midnight, LtCdr C. B. Stevens' USS PLAICE (SS-390) picks up the task group at 24,000 yards.

At about 0100, LtCdr Styles' SEA DEVIL makes a radar-depth approach on the task group SW of Homazaki at 31-43N, 129-04E. At 4,300 yards, Styles fires four Mark-23 steam torpedoes at the largest target. One or two of the torpedoes hit JUNYO. She takes on water and slows.

LtCdr Stevens' PLAICE is near Meshima in the East China Sea. Stevens sees a destroyer and fires three torpedoes at it, but all miss. Then about 0200, he sees JUNYO coming out of the mist. Stevens doesn't have a firing "solution" on the distant carrier, but he fires three torpedoes at the closer destroyer escort MAKI in a night surface radar attack at 31-57N, 129-01E. One torpedo hits.

At about 0300, LtCdr McGregor in REDFISH is able to just see HARUNA, JUNYO and three destroyers. He makes a night surface radar attack on JUNYO at 32-13N, 129-13E. He fires six torpedoes from 2,900 yards. One, perhaps, hits the carrier. McGregor reloads and fires six more torpedoes at JUNYO.

HARUNA is undamaged during all the submarine attacks, but JUNYO is hit on the starboard side forward and aft and the starboard engine room floods. Although she takes on a 12-degree starboard list, she makes 12 knots on her port engine and escapes further attack. MAKI, hit in the port bow, also escapes and makes port at Nagasaki.

10 December 1944:
The remainder of the task group arrives at Sasebo.

11 December 1944:
HARUNA and DesDiv 41's FUYUTSUKI and SUZUTSUKI depart Sasebo for Kure.

12 December 1944:
The HARUNA group arrives at Kure.

20 December 1944:
At Kure. Captain Yoshimura Matake (former ComDesDiv 27 and CO of CL YAHAGI) assumes command from Rear Admiral Shigenaga.

23 December 1944:
The former Vice Chief of the Naval General Staff, Vice Admiral (Admiral, posthumously) Ito Seiichi (former CO of HARUNA) assumes command of the Second Fleet. Vice Admiral Kurita is reassigned as the President of the Etajima Naval Academy.

1 January 1945:
At Kure. BatDiv 3 is deactivated. HARUNA is reassigned to the reactivated BatDiv 1, Second Fleet. During 1945, HARUNA's battle damage is mostly repaired and she is camouflaged gray with very pale gray stripes on her turrets.

10 February 1945:
BatDiv 1 is deactivated once again. HARUNA is assigned to the Kure Naval District.

19 March 1945:
Kure Arsenal. Vice Admiral (later Admiral) Marc A. Mitscher's (former CO of HORNET, CV-8) Task Force 58 carriers USS ESSEX (CV-9), INTREPID (CV-11), HORNET (CV-12), WASP (CV-18), HANCOCK (CV-19), BENNINGTON (CV-20) and BELLEAU WOOD (CVL-24) make the first carrier attack on the Kure Naval Arsenal. More than 240 aircraft attack battleships HARUNA, YAMATO, ISE, HYUGA, carriers RYUHO, KAIYO, AMAGI, KATSURAGI and other ships.

The fleet is defended vigorously, but unsuccessfully, by 54 Kawanishi N1K2-J Shiden-Kai ("George") fighters of Captain (later General and CINC, JSDF)Genda Minoru's (of AKAGI at Pearl Harbor) 343rd NAG based at Matsuyama airfield. The 343rd pilots claim 52 aircraft shot down against 16 losses.

HARUNA, standing at the roadstead in Etajima Bight is attacked by 15 aircraft, but hit only once on the starboard side aft of the bridge which causes light damage.

2 April 1945:
A floating mine explodes alongside HARUNA, killing two sailors.

22 June 1945:
The XXth (Twentieth) Air Force at Tinian launches 162 Boeing B-29 "Superfortress" in mission No. 215 against the Kure Naval Arsenal. The HARUNA is bracketed by near-miss bombs. One bomb hits the quarterdeck and causes light damage.

24 July 1945: The Final Destruction of the Imperial Japanese Navy:
Aircraft from Vice Admiral (later Admiral) John S. "Slew" McCain's (former CO of RANGER, CV-4)Task Force 38 attack Kure. HARUNA is hit by one bomb portside aft which causes light damage. In their last major action, 343rd NAG "George" fighters attack the retiring American carrier planes over the Bungo Suido and claim 19 aircraft shot down against four losses.

23 June 1945:
HARUNA is towed to the roadstead in Etajima Bight.

28 July 1945:
At Kure. From 0800 to 1700, HARUNA is attacked again by USS WASP's (CV-18) Air Group 86, SHANGRI-LA (CV-38) and other aircraft from Task Force 38. She receives many hits and near misses.

At 1248, HARUNA is attacked, but not hit by over 70 USAAF B-24's of the 7th AF's 11th and 494th Bomb Groups and other groups based at Yontan Air Base, Okinawa. A few moments after dropping its bombs, B-24J "Lonesome Lady" is hit by anti-aircraft shell. All but one of the crew bail out successfully. B-24J “Taloa” is also hit by AA and lost. [3][4]

At 1615, HARUNA comes under a final heavy attack, and is holed portside. This causes a list that brings the gash inflicted on 24 July under water. HARUNA takes on tons of water and sinks in shallow water next to a pier at 34-15N, 132-29E. In the two days of attacks, HARUNA receives 13 bomb hits and 10 near misses. 65 officers and men are lost.

20 November 1945:
Removed from Navy List.

1946-1948:
The wreck of HARUNA is raised and broken up.


Authors' Notes:
[1] Some sources claim that in the summer of 1917, while on a training exercise in the South Pacific, HARUNA hit a mine and was damaged severely. She flooded, but managed to make port. The sources claim the mine was laid by Fregattenkapitän (later Kapitän zur See) Karl A. Nerger's Imperial German Navy commerce raider/minelayer WOLF. Other sources say the mine was laid by raider BERLIN. No photographic evidence of the damage, or any record of repairs is known to exist, which casts doubt on the veracity of this event. In fact, Mr. Nakagawa Tsutomu, a well known Japanese naval historian, states that HARUNA never hit a mine at any time during her career.

[2] In May 2007, Australian photo-journalist and wreck diver Kevin Denlay and a group of divers aboard MV EMPRESS out of Singapore explored the wrecks of PRINCE OF WALES and REPULSE. Both wrecks are virtually upside down. PRINCE OF WALES lies at 223 feet/68 meters deep, while REPULSE lies at 77 feet/54 meters. Attacking Japanese airmen reported hitting PRINCE OF WALES with seven of 14 torpedoes they launched. British sources reported six torpedo hits.

The divers reported PRINCE OF WALES' hull had been hit by at only four torpedoes. Japanese airmen also reported hitting REPULSE with 13 of 35 torpedoes, while British sources reported five torpedo hits. The divers reported REPULSE's hull had been hit by at least two torpedoes. However, in the case of REPULSE the possibility of additional torpedo hits exists, but could not be confirmed by the divers because of the build up of sand against the hull in the area of the other suspected hits.

[3] The crew of B-24J "Lonesome Lady" were taken prisoner and interned at the Chugoku Kempeitai (Military Police) Headquarters at Hiroshima. The tail gunner was taken to Kure where he was interned. The pilot was taken to Tokyo. On 6 August 1945, the remaining crew of "Lonesome Lady" died during the atomic bombing of Hiroshima. The pilot was interrogated and questioned intensely after the atomic bombing and placed in solitary confinement. When the war ended, he was liberated at Omori POW Camp. The tail gunner was liberated from Shinjuku POW Camp, Tokyo. For more info on "Lonesome Lady" see pacificwrecks.com

[4] It is possibilie that B-24 "Taloa" was hit by a 14-inch Type 3 shell fired from the No. 2 turret of HARUNA. Its crew reported that one B-24 was hit and crashed in flames after being hit by a "sanshiki-dan" AA shell.

Thanks for help in preparing this TROM and some of its revisions go to Mr. Yutaka Iwasaki and Mr. Nakagawa Tsutomu of Japan, Anthony Tully, Neal Stevens and Matthew Jones of the United States. Thanks also go to John Whitman of the USA for info on CNO intercepts of Japanese messages.

Thanks go to Rob Stuart of Canada for information about Operation "C" in Rev 10. Thanks also go to Mucho, Edward and the guys at j-aircraft.org for providing info for Rev 11. Thanks to Gilbert Casse for info for Rev 15.

-Bob Hackett and Sander Kingsepp

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